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Thermo-Economic Evaluation of Aqua-Ammonia Solar Absorption Air Conditioning System Integrated with Various Collector Types

Institut Energiesysteme und Energietechnik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Otto-Berndt-Straße 2, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
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Received: 23 August 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 11 October 2020 / Published: 16 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Solar Thermal Technologies)
The main objective of this paper is to simulate solar absorption cooling systems that use ammonia mixture as a working fluid to produce cooling. In this study, we have considered different configurations based on the ammonia–water (NH3–H2O) cooling cycle depending on the solar thermal technology: Evacuated tube collectors (ETC) and parabolic trough (PTC) solar collectors. To compare the configurations we have performed the energy, exergy, and economic analysis. The effect of heat source temperature on the critical parameters such as coefficient of performance (COP) and exegetic efficiency has been investigated for each configuration. Furthermore, the required optimum area and associated cost for each collector type have been determined. The methodology is applied in a specific case study for a sports arena with a 700~800 kW total cooling load. Results reveal that (PTC/NH3-H2O)configuration gives lower design aspects and minimum rates of hourly costs (USD 11.3/h) while (ETC/NH3-H2O) configuration (USD 12.16/h). (ETC/NH3-H2O) gives lower thermo-economic product cost (USD 0.14/GJ). The cycle coefficient of performance (COP) (of 0.5). View Full-Text
Keywords: solar cooling; absorption cycles; solar thermal collector; parabolic trough collectors; solar energy; ammonia solar cooling; absorption cycles; solar thermal collector; parabolic trough collectors; solar energy; ammonia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Falahi, A.; Alobaid, F.; Epple, B. Thermo-Economic Evaluation of Aqua-Ammonia Solar Absorption Air Conditioning System Integrated with Various Collector Types. Entropy 2020, 22, 1165. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/e22101165

AMA Style

Al-Falahi A, Alobaid F, Epple B. Thermo-Economic Evaluation of Aqua-Ammonia Solar Absorption Air Conditioning System Integrated with Various Collector Types. Entropy. 2020; 22(10):1165. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/e22101165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Falahi, Adil, Falah Alobaid, and Bernd Epple. 2020. "Thermo-Economic Evaluation of Aqua-Ammonia Solar Absorption Air Conditioning System Integrated with Various Collector Types" Entropy 22, no. 10: 1165. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/e22101165

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