Next Article in Journal
The Antioxidant Activity and Their Major Antioxidant Compounds from Acanthopanax senticosus and A. koreanum
Previous Article in Journal
Synthesis, Spectroscopic Investigations (X-ray, NMR and TD-DFT), Antimicrobial Activity and Molecular Docking of 2,6-Bis(hydroxy(phenyl)methyl)cyclohexanone
Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Cytotoxicity of Structurally Correlated p-Menthane Derivatives

1
Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, CEP 49100-000, São Cristóvão-SE, Brazil
2
Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia, Universidade Federal do Ceará, CEP 60430-270, Fortaleza-SE, Brazil
3
Departamento de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, CP 5009, CEP 58051-970, João Pessoa-PB, Brazil
4
Farmácia, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, CEP 58051-970, Lagarto-SE, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas J. Schmidt
Received: 7 May 2015 / Revised: 9 July 2015 / Accepted: 16 July 2015 / Published: 21 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Compounds isolated from essential oils play an important role in the prevention and treatment of cancer. Monoterpenes are natural products, and the principal constituents of many essential oils. The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic potential of p-menthane derivatives. Additionally, analogues of perillyl alcohol, a monoterpene with known anticancer activity, were evaluated to identify the molecular characteristics which contribute to their cytotoxicity, which was tested against OVCAR-8, HCT-116, and SF-295 human tumor cell lines, using the MTT assay. The results of this study showed that (−)-perillaldehyde 8,9-epoxide exhibited the highest percentage inhibition of cell proliferation (GI = 96.32%–99.89%). Perillyl alcohol exhibited high cytotoxic activity (90.92%–95.82%), while (+)-limonene 1,2-epoxide (GI = 58.48%–93.10%), (−)-perillaldehyde (GI = 59.28%–83.03%), and (−)-8-hydroxycarvotanacetone (GI = 61.59%–94.01%) showed intermediate activity. All of the compounds tested were less cytotoxic than perillyl alcohol, except (−)-perillaldehyde 8,9-epoxide (IC50 = 1.75–1.03 µL/mg). In general, replacement of C-C double bonds by epoxide groups in addition to the aldehyde group increases cytotoxicity. Furthermore, stereochemistry seems to play an important role in cytotoxicity. We have demonstrated the cytotoxic influence of chemical substituents on the p-menthane structure, and analogues of perillyl alcohol. View Full-Text
Keywords: cytotoxic activity; cytotoxicity; essential oils; monoterpenes; p-menthane; natural products; anticancer; antitumoral; perillyl alcohol cytotoxic activity; cytotoxicity; essential oils; monoterpenes; p-menthane; natural products; anticancer; antitumoral; perillyl alcohol
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Andrade, L.N.; Lima, T.C.; Amaral, R.G.; Pessoa, C.D.Ó; Filho, M.O.d.M.; Soares, B.M.; Nascimento, L.G.d.; Carvalho, A.A.; De Sousa, D.P. Evaluation of the Cytotoxicity of Structurally Correlated p-Menthane Derivatives. Molecules 2015, 20, 13264-13280. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules200713264

AMA Style

Andrade LN, Lima TC, Amaral RG, Pessoa CDÓ, Filho MOdM, Soares BM, Nascimento LGd, Carvalho AA, De Sousa DP. Evaluation of the Cytotoxicity of Structurally Correlated p-Menthane Derivatives. Molecules. 2015; 20(7):13264-13280. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules200713264

Chicago/Turabian Style

Andrade, Luciana N.; Lima, Tamires C.; Amaral, Ricardo G.; Pessoa, Cláudia D.Ó; Filho, Manoel O.d.M.; Soares, Bruno M.; Nascimento, Lázaro G.d.; Carvalho, Adriana A.; De Sousa, Damião P. 2015. "Evaluation of the Cytotoxicity of Structurally Correlated p-Menthane Derivatives" Molecules 20, no. 7: 13264-13280. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules200713264

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop