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Article

Evaluation of Extraction and Degradation Methods to Obtain Chickpeasaponin B1 from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

School of Pharmacy, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266021, Shandong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefan Berger
Received: 19 January 2017 / Revised: 15 February 2017 / Accepted: 17 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
The objective of this research is to implement extraction and degradation methods for the obtainment of 3-O-[α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-d-galactopyranosyl] soyasapogenol B (chickpeasaponin B1) from chickpea. The effects of microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) processing parameters—such as ethanol concentration, solvent/solid ratio, extraction temperature, microwave irradiation power, and irradiation time—were evaluated. Using 1g of material with 8 mL of 70% aqueous ethanol and an extraction time of 10 min at 70 °C under irradiation power 400W provided optimal extraction conditions. Compared with the conventional extraction techniques, including heat reflux extraction (HRE), Soxhlet extraction (SE), and ultrasonic extraction (UE), MAE produced higher extraction efficiency under a lower extraction time. DDMP (2,3-dihydro-2,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one) saponin can be degraded to structurally stable saponin B by the loss of its DDMP group. The influence of pH and the concentration of potassium hydroxide on transformation efficiency of the target compound was investigated. A solution of 0.25 M potassium hydroxide in 75% aqueous ethanol was suitable for converting the corresponding DDMP saponins of chickpeasaponin B1. The implementation by the combining MAE technique and alkaline hydrolysis method for preparing chickpeasaponin B1 provides a convenient technology for future applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cicer arietinum L.; chickpea; chickpeasaponin B1; microwave-assisted extraction; alkaline hydrolysis Cicer arietinum L.; chickpea; chickpeasaponin B1; microwave-assisted extraction; alkaline hydrolysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, K.; Gao, H.; Wang, R.-R.; Liu, Y.; Hou, Y.-X.; Liu, X.-H.; Liu, K.; Wang, W. Evaluation of Extraction and Degradation Methods to Obtain Chickpeasaponin B1 from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Molecules 2017, 22, 332. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules22020332

AMA Style

Cheng K, Gao H, Wang R-R, Liu Y, Hou Y-X, Liu X-H, Liu K, Wang W. Evaluation of Extraction and Degradation Methods to Obtain Chickpeasaponin B1 from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Molecules. 2017; 22(2):332. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules22020332

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheng, Kun, Hua Gao, Rong-Rong Wang, Yang Liu, Yu-Xue Hou, Xiao-Hong Liu, Kun Liu, and Wei Wang. 2017. "Evaluation of Extraction and Degradation Methods to Obtain Chickpeasaponin B1 from Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)" Molecules 22, no. 2: 332. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules22020332

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