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Review

Guayule (Parthenium argentatum A. Gray), a Renewable Resource for Natural Polyisoprene and Resin: Composition, Processes and Applications

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GuaTecs, 28 rue Xavier Bichat, 72000 Le Mans, France
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Avignon University, INRAE, UMR408, GREEN Extraction Team, 84000 Avignon, France
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CTTM, Centre de Transfert de Technologie, 72000 Le Mans, France
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UR BioWooEB-Biorefinery Team, CIRAD, 34398 Montpellier, France
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Faculty of Science and Industrial Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Surat Thani Campus 84000, Thailand
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Rosenau
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 24 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 27 January 2021
Natural rubber is an essential material, especially for plane and truck tyres but also for medical gloves. Asia ranks first in the production of natural rubber, of which the Hevea tree is currently the sole source. However, it is anticipated that this source alone will not be able to fulfill the growing demand. Guayule, a shrub native to northern Mexico and southern United States, may also contribute. This plant not only contains polyisoprene, but also resin, a mixture of lipids and terpenoids. This review summarizes various aspects of this plant, from the usage history, botanical description, geographical distribution and cultivation practices, down to polyisoprene and resin biosynthesis including their distribution within the plant and molecular composition. Finally, the main processes yielding dry rubber or latex are depicted, as well as the properties of the various extracts along with economic considerations. The aim is to provide a wide picture of current knowledge available about this promising crop, a good feedstock candidate for a multiple-product biorefinery. View Full-Text
Keywords: guayule; polyisoprene; rubber; latex; green extraction; green reagents; green chemistry guayule; polyisoprene; rubber; latex; green extraction; green reagents; green chemistry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rousset, A.; Amor, A.; Punvichai, T.; Perino, S.; Palu, S.; Dorget, M.; Pioch, D.; Chemat, F. Guayule (Parthenium argentatum A. Gray), a Renewable Resource for Natural Polyisoprene and Resin: Composition, Processes and Applications. Molecules 2021, 26, 664. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules26030664

AMA Style

Rousset A, Amor A, Punvichai T, Perino S, Palu S, Dorget M, Pioch D, Chemat F. Guayule (Parthenium argentatum A. Gray), a Renewable Resource for Natural Polyisoprene and Resin: Composition, Processes and Applications. Molecules. 2021; 26(3):664. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules26030664

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rousset, Amandine, Ali Amor, Teerasak Punvichai, Sandrine Perino, Serge Palu, Michel Dorget, Daniel Pioch, and Farid Chemat. 2021. "Guayule (Parthenium argentatum A. Gray), a Renewable Resource for Natural Polyisoprene and Resin: Composition, Processes and Applications" Molecules 26, no. 3: 664. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/molecules26030664

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