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JNK-Bcl-2/Bcl-xL-Bax/Bak Pathway Mediates the Crosstalk between Matrine-Induced Autophagy and Apoptosis via Interplay with Beclin 1

by 1 and 1,2,*
1
Peking University China-Japan Friendship School of Clinical Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
2
Department of Gastroenterology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Ministry of Health, Beijing 100029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Denis Girard
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 25744-25758; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms161025744
Received: 1 September 2015 / Revised: 12 October 2015 / Accepted: 12 October 2015 / Published: 27 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
Autophagy is associated with drug resistance which has been a threat in chemotherapy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The interconnected molecular regulators between autophagy and apoptosis serve as switching points critical to the ultimate outcome of the cell. Our study was performed to investigate the crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis in HCC after the treatment of matrine. Flow cytometry and TUNEL (terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labeling) assay were used to detect apoptosis in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Bax oligomerization and Cytochrome c release assay were performed. Immunoprecipitation and siRNA transfection were used to detect the interplay between Bcl-2/Bcl-xL,Bax, and Beclin 1. Our results showed that: (1) matrine not only activated caspase and PARP (poly ADP-ribose polymerase) cleavage, but also triggered autophagy as shown by the increased levels of LC3II, Beclin 1, and PI3KC3, and the decreased level of p62; (2) matrine treatment promoted the JNK-Bcl-2/ Bcl-xL-Bax/Bak pathway; (3) Bax was oligomerized, the mitochondrial membrane potential altered, and Cytochrome c was released subsequently; (4) Bax interacts with Beclin 1 and inhibits autophagy, which may be a new crosstalk point; and (5) finally, we showed that matrine suppressed the growth of a MHCC97L xenograft in vivo for the first time. In conclusion, the JNK-Bcl-2/Bcl-xL-Bax/Bak pathway mediates the crosstalk between matrine-induced autophagy and apoptosis via interplay with Beclin 1. View Full-Text
Keywords: matrine; JNK; Bax;Bcl-2; Bcl-xL; Beclin 1 matrine; JNK; Bax;Bcl-2; Bcl-xL; Beclin 1
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, J.; Yao, S. JNK-Bcl-2/Bcl-xL-Bax/Bak Pathway Mediates the Crosstalk between Matrine-Induced Autophagy and Apoptosis via Interplay with Beclin 1. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 25744-25758. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms161025744

AMA Style

Yang J, Yao S. JNK-Bcl-2/Bcl-xL-Bax/Bak Pathway Mediates the Crosstalk between Matrine-Induced Autophagy and Apoptosis via Interplay with Beclin 1. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(10):25744-25758. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms161025744

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Jiong, and Shukun Yao. 2015. "JNK-Bcl-2/Bcl-xL-Bax/Bak Pathway Mediates the Crosstalk between Matrine-Induced Autophagy and Apoptosis via Interplay with Beclin 1" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16, no. 10: 25744-25758. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms161025744

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