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Review

Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control

1
State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
2
Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0321, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Massimo Maffei and Francesca Barbero
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(10), 1561; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101561
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 8 September 2016 / Accepted: 9 September 2016 / Published: 18 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Insect Interactions)
Rice and maize are important cereal crops that serve as staple foods, feed, and industrial material in China. Multiple factors constrain the production of both crops, among which insect pests are an important one. Lepidopteran pests cause enormous yield losses for the crops annually. In order to control these pests, China plays an active role in development and application of genetic engineering (GE) to crops, and dozens of GE rice and GE maize lines expressing insecticidal proteins from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) have been developed. Many lines have entered environmental release, field testing, and preproduction testing, and laboratory and field experiments have shown that most of the Bt rice and Bt maize lines developed in China exhibited effective control of major target lepidopteran pests on rice (Chilo suppressalis, Scirpophaga incertulas, and Cnaphalocrocis medinalis) and maize (Ostrinia furnacalis), demonstrating bright prospects for application. However, none of these Bt lines has yet been commercially planted through this writing in 2016. Challenges and perspectives for development and application of Bt rice and maize in China are discussed. This article provides a general context for colleagues to learn about research and development of Bt crops in China, and may shed light on future work in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; Cry proteins; target insects; commercialization; ELISA Bacillus thuringiensis; Cry proteins; target insects; commercialization; ELISA
MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Q.; Hallerman, E.; Peng, Y.; Li, Y. Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1561. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101561

AMA Style

Liu Q, Hallerman E, Peng Y, Li Y. Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(10):1561. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101561

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Qingsong, Eric Hallerman, Yufa Peng, and Yunhe Li. 2016. "Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17, no. 10: 1561. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17101561

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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