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Review

The Role of Galectin-1 in Cancer Progression, and Synthetic Multivalent Systems for the Study of Galectin-1

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cheorl-Ho Kim
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(9), 1566; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091566
Received: 23 June 2016 / Revised: 24 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 September 2016 / Published: 16 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glycan–Receptor Interaction)
This review discusses the role of galectin-1 in the tumor microenvironment. First, the structure and function of galectin-1 are discussed. Galectin-1, a member of the galectin family of lectins, is a functionally dimeric galactoside-binding protein. Although galectin-1 has both intracellular and extracellular functions, the defining carbohydrate-binding role occurs extracellularly. In this review, the extracellular roles of galectin-1 in cancer processes are discussed. In particular, the importance of multivalent interactions in galectin-1 mediated cellular processes is reviewed. Multivalent interactions involving galectin-1 in cellular adhesion, mobility and invasion, tumor-induced angiogenesis, and apoptosis are presented. Although the mechanisms of action of galectin-1 in these processes are still not well understood, the overexpression of galectin-1 in cancer progression indicates that the role of galectin-1 is significant. To conclude this review, synthetic frameworks that have been used to modulate galectin-1 processes are reviewed. Small molecule oligomers of carbohydrates, carbohydrate-functionalized pseudopolyrotaxanes, cyclodextrins, calixarenes, and glycodendrimers are presented. These synthetic multivalent systems serve as important tools for studying galectin-1 mediated cancer cellular functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: galectins; galectin-1; dendrimer; glycodendrimer; multivalent galectins; galectin-1; dendrimer; glycodendrimer; multivalent
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cousin, J.M.; Cloninger, M.J. The Role of Galectin-1 in Cancer Progression, and Synthetic Multivalent Systems for the Study of Galectin-1. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1566. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091566

AMA Style

Cousin JM, Cloninger MJ. The Role of Galectin-1 in Cancer Progression, and Synthetic Multivalent Systems for the Study of Galectin-1. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(9):1566. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091566

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cousin, Jonathan M., and Mary J. Cloninger 2016. "The Role of Galectin-1 in Cancer Progression, and Synthetic Multivalent Systems for the Study of Galectin-1" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17, no. 9: 1566. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091566

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