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Biology, Pest Status, Microbiome and Control of Kudzu Bug (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Plataspidae): A New Invasive Pest in the U.S.

1
Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
2
Center for Integrated Pest Management, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
3
Tidewater Agricultural Research & Extension Center, Suffolk, VA 23437, USA
1
University of Georgia: Athens, GA, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Massimo Maffei and Francesca Barbero
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(9), 1570; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091570
Received: 15 July 2016 / Revised: 3 September 2016 / Accepted: 9 September 2016 / Published: 16 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Insect Interactions)
Soybean is an important food crop, and insect integrated pest management (IPM) is critical to the sustainability of this production system. In recent years, the introduction into the United States of the kudzu bug currently identified as Megacopta cribraria (F.), poses a threat to soybean production. The kudzu bug was first discovered in the state of Georgia, U.S. in 2009 and since then has spread to most of the southeastern states. Because it was not found in the North American subcontinent before this time, much of our knowledge of this insect comes from research done in its native habitat. However, since the U.S. introduction, studies have been undertaken to improve our understanding of the kudzu bug basic biology, microbiome, migration patterns, host selection and management in its expanding new range. Researchers are not only looking at developing IPM strategies for the kudzu bug in soybean, but also at its unique relationship with symbiotic bacteria. Adult females deposit bacterial packets with their eggs, and the neonates feed on these packets to acquire the bacteria, Candidatus Ishikawaella capsulata. The kudzu bug should be an informative model to study the co-evolution of insect function and behavior with that of a single bacteria species. We review kudzu bug trapping and survey methods, the development of bioassays for insecticide susceptibility, insecticide efficacy, host preferences, impact of the pest on urban environments, population expansion, and the occurrence of natural enemies. The identity of the kudzu bug in the U.S. is not clear. We propose that the kudzu bug currently accepted as M. cribraria in the U.S. is actually Megacopta punctatissima, with more work needed to confirm this hypothesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: Megacopta cribraria; Megacopta punctatissima; Candidatus Ishikawaella capsulata; sampling; monitoring; cultural control; biological control Megacopta cribraria; Megacopta punctatissima; Candidatus Ishikawaella capsulata; sampling; monitoring; cultural control; biological control
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dhammi, A.; Van Krestchmar, J.B.; Ponnusamy, L.; Bacheler, J.S.; Reisig, D.D.; Herbert, A.; Del Pozo-Valdivia, A.I.; Roe, R.M. Biology, Pest Status, Microbiome and Control of Kudzu Bug (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Plataspidae): A New Invasive Pest in the U.S. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1570. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091570

AMA Style

Dhammi A, Van Krestchmar JB, Ponnusamy L, Bacheler JS, Reisig DD, Herbert A, Del Pozo-Valdivia AI, Roe RM. Biology, Pest Status, Microbiome and Control of Kudzu Bug (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Plataspidae): A New Invasive Pest in the U.S. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(9):1570. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091570

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dhammi, Anirudh, Jaap B. Van Krestchmar, Loganathan Ponnusamy, Jack S. Bacheler, Dominic D. Reisig, Ames Herbert, Alejandro I. Del Pozo-Valdivia, and R. M. Roe 2016. "Biology, Pest Status, Microbiome and Control of Kudzu Bug (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Plataspidae): A New Invasive Pest in the U.S." International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17, no. 9: 1570. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms17091570

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