Next Article in Journal
Artemisia Iwayomogi Extract Attenuates High-Fat Diet-Induced Hypertriglyceridemia in Mice: Potential Involvement of the Adiponectin-AMPK Pathway and Very Low Density Lipoprotein Assembly in the Liver
Next Article in Special Issue
Dysbindin-1 Involvement in the Etiology of Schizophrenia
Previous Article in Journal
Licochalcone A Inhibits the Proliferation of Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines A549 and H460 by Inducing G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest and ER Stress
Previous Article in Special Issue
New Targets for Schizophrenia Treatment beyond the Dopamine Hypothesis

Multiple Sclerosis and Schizophrenia

Institute of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiochemistry, Molecular Diagnostics, Hospital of the Universities of Giessen and Marburg (UKGM), Justus Liebig University Giessen, Feulgenstr. 12, 35392 Giessen, Germany
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(8), 1760;
Received: 6 June 2017 / Revised: 28 July 2017 / Accepted: 9 August 2017 / Published: 12 August 2017
The psychiatric and neurological aspects of health may present methodological challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. This is especially true for patients whose symptoms indicate the coexistence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and schizophrenia (SCZ). These cases raise critical questions regarding the relationship between the mind and the brain. Studies have noted that patients with MS have an increased risk of developing SCZ or bipolar disorder (BD). It is suggested here that MS and a subgroup of SCZ have similar etiologies. Factors such as gender, ethnicity, geography and season also have an influence on the occurrence of MS and SCZ. This paper aims to examine the differences and similarities between SCZ and MS. For this purpose, scientific papers examining various factors associated with these disorders were reviewed, and similarities and differences in genetic, immunological, seasonal, geographical, and gender-related risk factors and limited similarities in ethnic factors between the two diseases were identified. The findings suggest that subgroups of these two diseases may belong to the same class of disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: schizophrenia; multiple sclerosis; autoimmune diseases; autoantibodies; anti-myelin antibodies; anti-glutamate receptor antibodies schizophrenia; multiple sclerosis; autoimmune diseases; autoantibodies; anti-myelin antibodies; anti-glutamate receptor antibodies
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Arneth, B.M. Multiple Sclerosis and Schizophrenia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1760.

AMA Style

Arneth BM. Multiple Sclerosis and Schizophrenia. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(8):1760.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arneth, Borros M. 2017. "Multiple Sclerosis and Schizophrenia" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 18, no. 8: 1760.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop