Next Article in Journal
The Role of Compounds Derived from Natural Supplement as Anticancer Agents in Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Preventive Effects of Resveratrol on Endocannabinoid System and Synaptic Protein Modifications in Rat Cerebral Cortex Challenged by Bilateral Common Carotid Artery Occlusion and Reperfusion
Previous Article in Journal
Genetic Diversity and Genetic Relationships of Purple Willow (Salix purpurea L.) from Natural Locations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Anti-Inflammatory and Skin Barrier Repair Effects of Topical Application of Some Plant Oils
Review

Effects of Plant Oil Interesterified Triacylglycerols on Lipemia and Human Health

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Motorie e del Benessere, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Parthenope”, via Medina 40, 80133 Napoli, Italy
2
Ceinge-Biotecnologie Avanzate S.c.a r.l., Via G. Salvatore 486, 80145 Napoli, Italy
3
IRCCS SDN, via E. Gianturco 113, 80142 Napoli, Italy
4
Dipartimento di Medicina e di Scienze della Salute “Vincenzo Tiberio”, Università degli Studi del Molise, 86100 Campobasso, Italy
5
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Ambientali Biologiche Farmaceutiche, Università della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Via G. Vivaldi 42, 81100 Caserta, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(1), 104; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms19010104
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 26 December 2017 / Published: 30 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Beneficial Effects of Plant Oil on Human Health)
The position of the fatty acids (sn-1, sn-2 and sn-3) (stereospecific numbering (sn)) in triacylglycerol (TAG) molecules produces a characteristic stereospecificity that defines the physical properties of the fats and influences their absorption, metabolism and uptake into tissues. Fat interesterification is a process that implies a positional distribution of fatty acids (FAs) within the TAG molecules, generating new TAG species, without affecting the FA cis-trans natural balance. The interesterified (IE) fats, frequently used in the food industry comprise fats that are rich in long-chain saturated FAs, such as palmitic acid (16:0) and stearic acid (18:0). Within the interesterified fats, a critical role is played by FA occupying the sn-2 position; in fact, the presence of an unsaturated FA in this specific position influences early metabolic processing and postprandial clearance that in turn could induce atherogenesis and thrombogenesis events. Here, we provide an overview on the role of TAG structures and interesterified palmitic and stearic acid-rich fats on fasting and postprandial lipemia, focusing our attention on their physical properties and their effects on human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: fatty acids (FAs); interesterified fats; human health; lipemia; stereospecificity; TAG structure fatty acids (FAs); interesterified fats; human health; lipemia; stereospecificity; TAG structure
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Alfieri, A.; Imperlini, E.; Nigro, E.; Vitucci, D.; Orrù, S.; Daniele, A.; Buono, P.; Mancini, A. Effects of Plant Oil Interesterified Triacylglycerols on Lipemia and Human Health. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 104. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms19010104

AMA Style

Alfieri A, Imperlini E, Nigro E, Vitucci D, Orrù S, Daniele A, Buono P, Mancini A. Effects of Plant Oil Interesterified Triacylglycerols on Lipemia and Human Health. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(1):104. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms19010104

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alfieri, Andreina, Esther Imperlini, Ersilia Nigro, Daniela Vitucci, Stefania Orrù, Aurora Daniele, Pasqualina Buono, and Annamaria Mancini. 2018. "Effects of Plant Oil Interesterified Triacylglycerols on Lipemia and Human Health" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 19, no. 1: 104. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms19010104

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop