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Article

The Evaluation of Glioblastoma Cell Dissociation and Its Influence on Its Behavior

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Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Simkova 870, CZ-500 38 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
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The Fingerland Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital in Hradec Kralove, Charles University, Sokolska 581, CZ-500 05 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Hradec Kralove, Hradecka 1285, CZ-500 03 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
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Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital in Hradec Kralove, Charles University, Sokolska 581, CZ-500 05 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
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Institute of Experimental Medicine, Czech Academy of Sciences, Videnska 1083, CZ-142 20 Prague 4, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(18), 4630; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20184630
Received: 6 August 2019 / Revised: 12 September 2019 / Accepted: 16 September 2019 / Published: 18 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Oncology)
Purpose: Primary cell lines are a valuable tool for evaluation of tumor behavior or sensitivity to anticancer treatment and appropriate dissociation of cells could preserve genomic profile of the original tissue. The main aim of our study was to compare the influence of two methods of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell derivation (mechanic—MD; enzymatic—ED) on basic biological properties of thus derived cells and correlate them to the ones obtained from stabilized GBM cell line A-172. Methods: Cell proliferation and migration (xCELLigence Real-Time Cell Analysis), expression of microRNAs and protein markers (RT-PCR and Western blotting), morphology (phase contrast and fluorescent microscopy), and accumulation of temozolomide (TMZ) and its metabolite 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide (AIC) inside the cells (LC-MS analysis) were carried out in five different samples of GBM (GBM1, GBM2, GBM32, GBM33, GBM34), with each of them processed by MD and ED types of isolations. The same analyses were done in the A-172 cell line too. Results: Primary GBM cells obtained by ED or MD approaches significantly differ in biological behavior and properties of these cells. Unlike in primary MD GBM cells, higher proliferation, as well as migration, was observed in primary ED GBM cells, which were also associated with the acquired mesenchymal phenotype and higher sensitivity to TMZ. Finally, the same analyses of stabilized GBM cell line A-172 revealed several important differences in measured parameters. Conclusions: GBM cells obtained by MD and ED dissociation show considerable heterogeneity, but based on our results, MD approach should be the preferred method of primary GBM cell isolation View Full-Text
Keywords: glioblastoma multiforme; cell isolation; temozolomide; resistance glioblastoma multiforme; cell isolation; temozolomide; resistance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skarkova, V.; Krupova, M.; Vitovcova, B.; Skarka, A.; Kasparova, P.; Krupa, P.; Kralova, V.; Rudolf, E. The Evaluation of Glioblastoma Cell Dissociation and Its Influence on Its Behavior. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4630. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20184630

AMA Style

Skarkova V, Krupova M, Vitovcova B, Skarka A, Kasparova P, Krupa P, Kralova V, Rudolf E. The Evaluation of Glioblastoma Cell Dissociation and Its Influence on Its Behavior. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(18):4630. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20184630

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skarkova, Veronika, Marketa Krupova, Barbora Vitovcova, Adam Skarka, Petra Kasparova, Petr Krupa, Vera Kralova, and Emil Rudolf. 2019. "The Evaluation of Glioblastoma Cell Dissociation and Its Influence on Its Behavior" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 20, no. 18: 4630. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20184630

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