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Review

Antimicrobial Polymers for Additive Manufacturing

1
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Matemáticas y del Medio Ambiente, Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana, Las Palmeras 3360, Santiago 7800003, Chile
2
Programa Institucional de Fomento a la Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación, Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana, Ignacio Valdivieso 2409, Santiago 8940577, Chile
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Departamento de Ingeniería Estructural y Geotecnia, Escuela de Ingeniería, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Avenida Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago 7820436, Chile
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Instituto de Ingeniería Biológica y Médica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Avenida Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago 7820436, Chile
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Polymer Functionalization Group, Departamento de Química Macromolecular Aplicada, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Polímeros-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (ICTP-CSIC), Juan de la Cierva 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(5), 1210; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20051210
Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 27 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 10 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymeric Systems as Antimicrobial or Antifouling Agents)
Three-dimensional (3D) printing technologies can be widely used for producing detailed geometries based on individual and particular demands. Some applications are related to the production of personalized devices, implants (orthopedic and dental), drug dosage forms (antibacterial, immunosuppressive, anti-inflammatory, etc.), or 3D implants that contain active pharmaceutical treatments, which favor cellular proliferation and tissue regeneration. This review is focused on the generation of 3D printed polymer-based objects that present antibacterial properties. Two main different alternatives of obtaining these 3D printed objects are fully described, which employ different polymer sources. The first one uses natural polymers that, in some cases, already exhibit intrinsic antibacterial capacities. The second alternative involves the use of synthetic polymers, and thus takes advantage of polymers with antimicrobial functional groups, as well as alternative strategies based on the modification of the surface of polymers or the elaboration of composite materials through adding certain antibacterial agents or incorporating different drugs into the polymeric matrix. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; antibacterial polymers; biocompatible systems; drug delivery systems; 3D printing additive manufacturing; antibacterial polymers; biocompatible systems; drug delivery systems; 3D printing
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MDPI and ACS Style

González-Henríquez, C.M.; Sarabia-Vallejos, M.A.; Rodríguez Hernandez, J. Antimicrobial Polymers for Additive Manufacturing. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1210. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20051210

AMA Style

González-Henríquez CM, Sarabia-Vallejos MA, Rodríguez Hernandez J. Antimicrobial Polymers for Additive Manufacturing. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(5):1210. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20051210

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Henríquez, Carmen M., Mauricio A. Sarabia-Vallejos, and Juan Rodríguez Hernandez. 2019. "Antimicrobial Polymers for Additive Manufacturing" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 20, no. 5: 1210. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms20051210

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