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Review

Immunological Memory of Psoriatic Lesions

1
Department of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Clinical Immunology, The University of Warmia and Mazury, Al. Wojska Polskiego 30, 10-229 Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Rheumatology, Municipal Hospital in Olsztyn, 10-229 Olsztyn, Poland
3
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, University of Warmia and Mazury, 10-900 Olsztyn, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(2), 625; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21020625
Received: 16 December 2019 / Revised: 13 January 2020 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 17 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Therapy and Prevention of Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis)
The natural course of psoriasis is the appearance of new lesions in the place of previous ones, which disappeared after a successful therapy. Recent studies of psoriasis etiopathogenesis showed that after psoriatic plaques have disappeared, in healthy skin we can still find a trace of inflammation in the form of tissue resident memory cells (TRM). They are originally responsible for protection against viral and bacterial infections in non-lymphatic tissues. In psoriatic inflammation, they are characterized by heterogeneity depending on their origin. CD8+ T cells TRM are abundantly present in psoriatic epidermis, while CD4+ TRM preferentially populate the dermis. In psoriasis, epidermal CD8+ TRM cells express CLA, CCR6, CD103 and IL-23R antigen and produce IL-17A during ex vivo stimulation. However, CD4+ CD103+ TRM can also colonize the epidermis and produce IL-22 during stimulation. Besides T cells, Th22 and epidermal DCs proved that epidermal cells in healed skin were still present and functioning after several years of disease remission. It explains the clinical phenomenon of the tendency of psoriatic lesions to relapse in the same location and it allows to develop new therapeutic strategies in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: psoriasis; tissue resident memory cells; IL-17 psoriasis; tissue resident memory cells; IL-17
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MDPI and ACS Style

Owczarczyk-Saczonek, A.; Krajewska-Włodarczyk, M.; Kasprowicz-Furmańczyk, M.; Placek, W. Immunological Memory of Psoriatic Lesions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 625. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21020625

AMA Style

Owczarczyk-Saczonek A, Krajewska-Włodarczyk M, Kasprowicz-Furmańczyk M, Placek W. Immunological Memory of Psoriatic Lesions. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(2):625. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21020625

Chicago/Turabian Style

Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Agnieszka, Magdalena Krajewska-Włodarczyk, Marta Kasprowicz-Furmańczyk, and Waldemar Placek. 2020. "Immunological Memory of Psoriatic Lesions" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 2: 625. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21020625

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