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Juvenile Leaves or Adult Leaves: Determinants for Vegetative Phase Change in Flowering Plants

Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(24), 9753; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21249753
Received: 24 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 21 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Mechanisms of Leaf Morphogenesis 2.0)
Vegetative leaves in Arabidopsis are classified as either juvenile leaves or adult leaves based on their specific traits, such as leaf shape and the presence of abaxial trichomes. The timing of the juvenile-to-adult phase transition during vegetative development, called the vegetative phase change, is a critical decision for plants, as this transition is associated with crop yield, stress responses, and immune responses. Juvenile leaves are characterized by high levels of miR156/157, and adult leaves are characterized by high levels of miR156/157 targets, SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE (SPL) transcription factors. The discovery of this miR156/157-SPL module provided a critical tool for elucidating the complex regulation of the juvenile-to-adult phase transition in plants. In this review, we discuss how the traits of juvenile leaves and adult leaves are determined by the miR156/157-SPL module and how different factors, including embryonic regulators, sugar, meristem regulators, hormones, and epigenetic proteins are involved in controlling the juvenile-to-adult phase transition, focusing on recent insights into vegetative phase change. We also highlight outstanding questions in the field that need further investigation. Understanding how vegetative phase change is regulated would provide a basis for manipulating agricultural traits under various conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: miR156; SPL; abaxial trichome; juvenile phase; adult phase miR156; SPL; abaxial trichome; juvenile phase; adult phase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manuela, D.; Xu, M. Juvenile Leaves or Adult Leaves: Determinants for Vegetative Phase Change in Flowering Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 9753. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21249753

AMA Style

Manuela D, Xu M. Juvenile Leaves or Adult Leaves: Determinants for Vegetative Phase Change in Flowering Plants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(24):9753. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21249753

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manuela, Darren, and Mingli Xu. 2020. "Juvenile Leaves or Adult Leaves: Determinants for Vegetative Phase Change in Flowering Plants" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 24: 9753. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21249753

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