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Article

Novel Urethane-Dimethacrylate Monomers and Compositions for Use as Matrices in Dental Restorative Materials

1
Department of Physical Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
2
Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(7), 2644; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21072644
Received: 18 March 2020 / Revised: 8 April 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 10 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Dental Materials and Biomaterials)
In this study, novel urethane-dimethacrylate monomers were synthesized from 1,3-bis(1-isocyanato-1-methylethyl)benzene (MEBDI) and oligoethylene glycols monomethacrylates, containing one to three oxyethylene groups. They can potentially be utilized as matrices in dental restorative materials. The obtained monomers were used to prepare four new formulations. Two of them were solely composed of the MEBDI-based monomers. In a second pair, a monomer based on triethylene glycol monomethacrylate, used in 20 wt.%, was replaced with triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), a reactive diluent typically used in dental materials. For comparison purposes, two formulations, using typical dental dimethacrylates (bisphenol A glycerolate dimethacrylate (Bis-GMA), urethane-dimethacrylate (UDMA) and TEGDMA) were prepared. The monomers and mixtures were tested for the viscosity and density. The homopolymers and copolymers, obtained via photopolymerization, were tested for the degree of conversion, polymerization shrinkage, water sorption and solubility, hardness, flexural strength and modulus. The newly developed formulations achieved promising physico-chemical and mechanical characteristics so as to be suitable for applications as dental composite matrices. A combination of the MEBDI-based urethane-dimethacrylates with TEGDMA resulted in copolymers with a high degree of conversion, low polymerization shrinkage, low water sorption and water solubility, and good mechanical properties. These parameters showed an improvement in relation to currently used dental formulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental restorative materials; urethane-dimethacrylates; degree of conversion; polymerization shrinkage; water sorption; flexural properties; hardness dental restorative materials; urethane-dimethacrylates; degree of conversion; polymerization shrinkage; water sorption; flexural properties; hardness
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barszczewska-Rybarek, I.M.; Chrószcz, M.W.; Chladek, G. Novel Urethane-Dimethacrylate Monomers and Compositions for Use as Matrices in Dental Restorative Materials. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2644. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21072644

AMA Style

Barszczewska-Rybarek IM, Chrószcz MW, Chladek G. Novel Urethane-Dimethacrylate Monomers and Compositions for Use as Matrices in Dental Restorative Materials. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(7):2644. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21072644

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barszczewska-Rybarek, Izabela M.; Chrószcz, Marta W.; Chladek, Grzegorz. 2020. "Novel Urethane-Dimethacrylate Monomers and Compositions for Use as Matrices in Dental Restorative Materials" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21, no. 7: 2644. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms21072644

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