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Review

The Role of Isoflavones in Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Treatment—A Narrative Review

Department of Human Epigenetics, Mossakowski Medical Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences, 5 Pawinskiego Street, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(1), 218; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22010218
Received: 1 December 2020 / Revised: 21 December 2020 / Accepted: 25 December 2020 / Published: 28 December 2020
Given the growing number of type 2 diabetic individuals and the substantial social and financial costs associated with diabetes management, every effort should be made to improve its prevention and treatment methods. There is an ongoing search for natural dietary compounds that could be used for this purpose. This narrative review focuses on the therapeutic potential of isoflavones in diabetes prevention and treatment. This review summarizes (i) the molecular mechanisms of isoflavones action that are critical to their anti-diabetic properties; (ii) preclinical (in vitro and in vivo) studies evaluating the influence of isoflavones on the function of key organs involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes; and (iii) epidemiological studies and clinical trials that assessed the effectiveness of isoflavones in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes in humans. Apart from discussing the effects of isoflavones on the function of organs “classically” associated with the pathogenesis of diabetes (pancreas, liver, muscles, and adipose tissue), the impact of these compounds on other organs that contribute to the glucose homeostasis (gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and brain) is also reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: isoflavones; genistein; daidzein; glyctin; formononetin; biochanin A; type 2 diabetes isoflavones; genistein; daidzein; glyctin; formononetin; biochanin A; type 2 diabetes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kuryłowicz, A. The Role of Isoflavones in Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Treatment—A Narrative Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 218. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22010218

AMA Style

Kuryłowicz A. The Role of Isoflavones in Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Treatment—A Narrative Review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(1):218. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22010218

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kuryłowicz, Alina. 2021. "The Role of Isoflavones in Type 2 Diabetes Prevention and Treatment—A Narrative Review" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 1: 218. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22010218

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