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Article

Relationship between Antioxidant Activity and Ligand Basicity in the Dipicolinate Series of Oxovanadium(IV) and Dioxovanadium(V) Complexes

1
Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 63, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland
2
Institute of Chemistry, Jan Kochanowski University, Uniwersytecka 7, 25-406 Kielce, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Caruso
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(18), 9886; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22189886
Received: 28 July 2021 / Revised: 15 August 2021 / Accepted: 10 September 2021 / Published: 13 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many serious diseases, including cancer, atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke and myocardial infarction. In the body’s natural biochemical processes, harmful free radicals are formed, which can be removed with the help of appropriate enzymes, a balanced diet or the supply of synthetic antioxidant substances such as flavonoids, vitamins or anthocyanins to the body. Due to the growing demand for antioxidant substances, new complex compounds of transition metal ions with potential antioxidant activity are constantly being sought. In this study, four oxovanadium(IV) and dioxovanadium(V) dipicolinate (dipic) complexes with 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,2′-bipyridyl (bipy) and the protonated form of 2-phenylpyridine (2-phephyH): (1) [VO(dipic)(H2O)2]·2 H2O, (2) [VO(dipic)(phen)]·3 H2O, (3) [VO(dipic)(bipy)]·H2O and (4) [VOO(dipic)](2-phepyH)·H2O were synthesized including one new complex, so far unknown and not described in the literature, i.e., [VOO(dipic)](2-phepyH)·H2O. The oxovanadium(IV) dipicolinate complexes with 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2′-bipyridyl have been characterized by several physicochemical methods: NMR, MALDI-TOF-MS, IR, but new complex [VOO(dipic)](2-phepyH)·H2O has been examined by XRD to confirm its structure. The antioxidant activities of four complexes have been examined by the nitrotetrazolium blue (NBT) method towards superoxide anion. All complexes exhibit high reactivity with superoxide anion and [VOO(dipic)](2-phepyH)·H2O has higher antioxidant activity than L-ascorbic acid. Our studies confirmed that high basicity of the auxiliary ligand increases the reactivity of the complex with the superoxide radical. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxovanadium(IV) complexes; 2-phenylpyridine; superoxide anion; antioxidant activity oxovanadium(IV) complexes; 2-phenylpyridine; superoxide anion; antioxidant activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drzeżdżon, J.; Pawlak, M.; Matyka, N.; Sikorski, A.; Gawdzik, B.; Jacewicz, D. Relationship between Antioxidant Activity and Ligand Basicity in the Dipicolinate Series of Oxovanadium(IV) and Dioxovanadium(V) Complexes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 9886. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22189886

AMA Style

Drzeżdżon J, Pawlak M, Matyka N, Sikorski A, Gawdzik B, Jacewicz D. Relationship between Antioxidant Activity and Ligand Basicity in the Dipicolinate Series of Oxovanadium(IV) and Dioxovanadium(V) Complexes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(18):9886. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22189886

Chicago/Turabian Style

Drzeżdżon, Joanna, Marta Pawlak, Natalia Matyka, Artur Sikorski, Barbara Gawdzik, and Dagmara Jacewicz. 2021. "Relationship between Antioxidant Activity and Ligand Basicity in the Dipicolinate Series of Oxovanadium(IV) and Dioxovanadium(V) Complexes" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 18: 9886. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22189886

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