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Article

Memristive Switching Characteristics in Biomaterial Chitosan-Based Solid Polymer Electrolyte for Artificial Synapse

Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Kwangwoon University, Chambit-kwan, B104, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01897, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(2), 773; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22020773
Received: 19 December 2020 / Revised: 9 January 2021 / Accepted: 10 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chitosan Functionalizations, Formulations and Composites 2.0)
This study evaluated the memristive switching characteristics of a biomaterial solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) chitosan-based memristor and confirmed its artificial synaptic behavior with analog switching. Despite the potential advantages of organic memristors for high-end electronics, the unstable multilevel states and poor reliability of organic devices must be overcome. The fabricated Ti/SPE-chitosan/Pt-structured memristor has stable bipolar resistive switching (BRS) behavior due to a cation-based electrochemical reaction between a polymeric electrolyte and metal ions and exhibits excellent endurance in 5 × 102 DC cycles. In addition, we achieved multilevel per cell (MLC) BRS I-V characteristics by adjusting the set compliance current (Icc) for analog switching. The multilevel states demonstrated uniform resistance distributions and nonvolatile retention characteristics over 104 s. These stable MLC properties are explained by the laterally intensified conductive filaments in SPE-chitosan, based on the linear relationship between operating voltage margin (ΔVswitching) and Icc. In addition, the multilevel resistance dependence on Icc suggests the capability of continuous analog resistance switching. Chitosan-based SPE artificial synapses ensure the emulation of short- and long-term plasticity of biological synapses, including excitatory postsynaptic current, inhibitory postsynaptic current, paired-pulse facilitation, and paired-pulse depression. Furthermore, the gradual conductance modulations upon repeated stimulation by 104 electric pulses were evaluated in high stability. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic memristor; chitosan; solid polymer electrolyte; electronic synapses; multilevel state organic memristor; chitosan; solid polymer electrolyte; electronic synapses; multilevel state
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MDPI and ACS Style

Min, S.-Y.; Cho, W.-J. Memristive Switching Characteristics in Biomaterial Chitosan-Based Solid Polymer Electrolyte for Artificial Synapse. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 773. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22020773

AMA Style

Min S-Y, Cho W-J. Memristive Switching Characteristics in Biomaterial Chitosan-Based Solid Polymer Electrolyte for Artificial Synapse. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(2):773. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22020773

Chicago/Turabian Style

Min, Shin-Yi, and Won-Ju Cho. 2021. "Memristive Switching Characteristics in Biomaterial Chitosan-Based Solid Polymer Electrolyte for Artificial Synapse" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 2: 773. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22020773

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