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Review

Preventive Applications of Polyphenols in Dentistry—A Review

1
Clinic of Operative Dentistry, Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstraße 74, D-01307 Dresden, Germany
2
Special Food Chemistry and Food Production, TU Dresden, Bergstraße 66, D-01069 Dresden, Germany
3
Clinic of Operative Dentistry, Periodontology and Preventive Dentistry, University Hospital, Saarland University, Building 73, D-66421 Homburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raffaele Capasso
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(9), 4892; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22094892
Received: 29 March 2021 / Revised: 27 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 5 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Properties of Medicinal Plants)
Polyphenols are natural substances that have been shown to provide various health benefits. Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic effects have been described. At the same time, they inhibit the actions of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Thus, studies have also examined their effects within the oral cavity. This review provides an overview on the different polyphenols, and their structure and interactions with the tooth surface and the pellicle. In particular, the effects of various tea polyphenols on bioadhesion and erosion have been reviewed. The current research confirms that polyphenols can reduce the growth of cariogenic bacteria. Furthermore, they can decrease the adherence of bacteria to the tooth surface and improve the erosion-protective properties of the acquired enamel pellicle. Tea polyphenols, especially, have the potential to contribute to an oral health-related diet. However, in vitro studies have mainly been conducted. In situ studies and clinical studies need to be extended and supplemented in order to significantly contribute to additive prevention measures in caries prophylaxis. View Full-Text
Keywords: salivary pellicle; polyphenols; transmission electron microscopy (TEM); tea drugs; preventive dentistry; medicinal plants; molecular mechanisms salivary pellicle; polyphenols; transmission electron microscopy (TEM); tea drugs; preventive dentistry; medicinal plants; molecular mechanisms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flemming, J.; Meyer-Probst, C.T.; Speer, K.; Kölling-Speer, I.; Hannig, C.; Hannig, M. Preventive Applications of Polyphenols in Dentistry—A Review. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 4892. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22094892

AMA Style

Flemming J, Meyer-Probst CT, Speer K, Kölling-Speer I, Hannig C, Hannig M. Preventive Applications of Polyphenols in Dentistry—A Review. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(9):4892. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22094892

Chicago/Turabian Style

Flemming, Jasmin, Clara T. Meyer-Probst, Karl Speer, Isabelle Kölling-Speer, Christian Hannig, and Matthias Hannig. 2021. "Preventive Applications of Polyphenols in Dentistry—A Review" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 9: 4892. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijms22094892

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