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Article

Unfolding Jellyfish Bloom Dynamics along the Mediterranean Basin by Transnational Citizen Science Initiatives

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Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC), 08003 Barcelona, Spain
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Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Burgos, 09006 Burgos, Spain
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Department of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malta, Msida, MSD 2080, Malta
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MARE–Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Agencia Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigacao Tecnologia e Inovacao (ARDITI), 9020-105 Funchal, Portugal
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Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, Carthage University, Zarzouna 7021, Bizerte, Tunisia
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Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, 80121 Naples, Italy
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Dipartimento di Biologia, University of Naples Federico II, 80138 Naples, Italy
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Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze del Mare (CoNISMa), 00196 Roma, Italy
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Istituto per lo Studio Degli Impatti Antropici e Sostenibilità in Ambiente Marino (IAS), Consiglio Nazionales delle Ricerche, 16149 Genova, Italy
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Tunisian National Institute of Agronomy, 43, Avenue Charles Nicolle, Tunis 1082, Tunisia
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Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha P.O. Box 2713, Qatar
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Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alenka Malej, Agustín Schiariti and Michael Wink
Received: 10 March 2021 / Revised: 8 June 2021 / Accepted: 10 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Patterns and Ecology of Jellyfish in Marine Environment)
Science is addressing global societal challenges, and due to limitations in research financing, scientists are turning to the public at large to jointly tackle specific environmental issues. Citizens are therefore increasingly involved in monitoring programs, appointed as citizen scientists with potential to delivering key data at near to no cost to address environmental challenges, therein fostering scientific knowledge and advising policy- and decision-makers. One of the first and most successful examples of marine citizen science in the Mediterranean is represented by the integrative and collaborative implementation of several jellyfish-spotting campaigns in Italy, Spain, Malta, and Tunisia starting in 2009. Altogether, in terms of time coverage, geographic extent, and number of citizen records, these represent the most effective marine citizen science campaigns thus far implemented in the Mediterranean Sea. Here, we analyzed a collective database merging records over the above four countries, featuring more than 100,000 records containing almost 25,000 observations of jellyfish specimens collected over a period of 3 to 7 years (from 2009 to 2015) by citizen scientists participating in any of the national citizen science programs included in this analysis. Such a wide citizen science exercise demonstrates a valuable and cost-effective tool to understanding ecological drivers of jellyfish proliferation over the Western and Central Mediterranean basins, as well as a powerful contribution to developing tailored adaptation and management strategies; mitigating jellyfish impacts on human activities in coastal zones; and supporting implementation of marine spatial planning, Blue Growth, and conservation strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: gelatinous zooplankton; scyphozoa; Pelagia noctiluca; Rhizostoma pulmo; forecasting system; mitigation tool; coastal zone management gelatinous zooplankton; scyphozoa; Pelagia noctiluca; Rhizostoma pulmo; forecasting system; mitigation tool; coastal zone management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marambio, M.; Canepa, A.; Lòpez, L.; Gauci, A.A.; Gueroun, S.K.M.; Zampardi, S.; Boero, F.; Yahia, O.K.-D.; Yahia, M.N.D.; Fuentes, V.; Piraino, S.; Deidun, A. Unfolding Jellyfish Bloom Dynamics along the Mediterranean Basin by Transnational Citizen Science Initiatives. Diversity 2021, 13, 274. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/d13060274

AMA Style

Marambio M, Canepa A, Lòpez L, Gauci AA, Gueroun SKM, Zampardi S, Boero F, Yahia OK-D, Yahia MND, Fuentes V, Piraino S, Deidun A. Unfolding Jellyfish Bloom Dynamics along the Mediterranean Basin by Transnational Citizen Science Initiatives. Diversity. 2021; 13(6):274. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/d13060274

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marambio, Macarena, Antonio Canepa, Laura Lòpez, Aldo A. Gauci, Sonia K.M. Gueroun, Serena Zampardi, Ferdinando Boero, Ons K.-D. Yahia, Mohamed N.D. Yahia, Verónica Fuentes, Stefano Piraino, and Alan Deidun. 2021. "Unfolding Jellyfish Bloom Dynamics along the Mediterranean Basin by Transnational Citizen Science Initiatives" Diversity 13, no. 6: 274. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/d13060274

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