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Comparison of Tagging Technologies for Safeguards of Copper Canisters for Nuclear Spent Fuel

1
European Commission, Joint Research Centre, I-21027 Ispra, Italy
2
Department of Information Engineering, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2018 / Revised: 7 March 2018 / Accepted: 7 March 2018 / Published: 21 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Sensors Technology in Italy 2017)
Several countries are planning to store nuclear spent fuel in long term geological repositories, preserved by copper canisters with an iron insert. This new approach involves many challenging problems and one is to satisfy safeguards requirements: the Continuity of Knowledge (CoK) of the fuel must be kept from the encapsulation plant up to the final repository. To date, no measurement system has been suggested for a unique identification and authentication. Following the list of the most important safeguards, safety and security requirements for copper canisters identification and authentication, a review of conventional tagging technologies and measurement systems for nuclear items is reported in this paper. The aim of this study is to verify to what extent each technology could be potentially used for keeping the CoK of copper canisters. Several tagging methods are briefly described and compared, discussing advantages and disadvantages. View Full-Text
Keywords: identification tags; nuclear spent fuel; copper canisters identification tags; nuclear spent fuel; copper canisters
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MDPI and ACS Style

Clementi, C.; Littmann, F.; Capineri, L. Comparison of Tagging Technologies for Safeguards of Copper Canisters for Nuclear Spent Fuel. Sensors 2018, 18, 929. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/s18040929

AMA Style

Clementi C, Littmann F, Capineri L. Comparison of Tagging Technologies for Safeguards of Copper Canisters for Nuclear Spent Fuel. Sensors. 2018; 18(4):929. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/s18040929

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clementi, Chiara, François Littmann, and Lorenzo Capineri. 2018. "Comparison of Tagging Technologies for Safeguards of Copper Canisters for Nuclear Spent Fuel" Sensors 18, no. 4: 929. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/s18040929

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