Next Article in Journal
Radiation-Induced Heart Diseases: Protective Effects of Natural Products
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of the Consumption of Prickly Pear Cacti (Opuntia spp.) and its Products on Blood Glucose Levels and Insulin: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of the Allergic Asthma on Foot Health-Related Quality of Life and Depression: A Novel Case-Control Research
Previous Article in Special Issue
Common Polymorphisms Linked to Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease in Europeans and Asians are Associated with Type 2 Diabetes in Mexican Mestizos
Article

Predominant Complications of Type 2 Diabetes in Kumasi: A 4-Year Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study at a Teaching Hospital in Ghana

1
Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, PMB, UPO, Kumasi 00233, Ghana
2
Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, PMB, UPO, Kumasi 00233, Ghana
3
Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, PMB, UPO, Kumasi 00233, Ghana
4
School of Medical and Health Science, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA 6027, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2018 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin Resistance)
Background and objectives: Diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) has been associated with several microvascular and macrovascular complications. However, studies regarding the predominant complications of T2DM in Ghana have not been conducted. This study evaluated the prevalence and predominant complications of T2DM and assessed the sociodemographic factors associated with the development of diabetes-related complications in Kumasi, Ghana. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana. A total of 1600 Ghanaian T2DM adults were included in this study. Patients’ clinical data from 2012 to 2016 were retrieved from the hospital’s archive. Results: The prevalence of macrovascular and microvascular complications of T2DM was 31.8% and 35.3% respectively. The prevalence of neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, sexual dysfunction, diabetic keto-acidosis (DKA), and hypoglycemia were 20.8%, 12.5%, 6.5%, 3.8%, 2.0%, and 0.8% respectively. Sexual dysfunction was significantly associated with the male gender compared to females. Being employed: Informal (aOR = 0.479, p < 0.0001), and Formal (aOR = 0.475, p = 0.0008) was associated with lower age- and sex-adjusted odds of developing T2DM-related complications while having T2DM for 5–10 years (aOR = 1.550, p = 0.0009) and more than 10 years (aOR = 2.755, p < 0.0001) was associated with increased odds of developing complications. Conclusions: Microvascular complication is the most predominant among T2DM in Kumasi, Ghana. The most prevalent T2DM-related microvascular complication in Kumasi, Ghana is neuropathy. Sexual dysfunction is associated with male compared to female T2DM patients. Being employed reduces the chance of developing T2DM-related complications while increasing DM duration increases the risk of complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; microvascular; macrovascular; complications type 2 diabetes mellitus; microvascular; macrovascular; complications
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Annani-Akollor, M.E.; Addai-Mensah, O.; Fondjo, L.A.; Sallah, L.; Owiredu, E.-W.; Acheampong, E.; Akamugri, S. Predominant Complications of Type 2 Diabetes in Kumasi: A 4-Year Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study at a Teaching Hospital in Ghana. Medicina 2019, 55, 125. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina55050125

AMA Style

Annani-Akollor ME, Addai-Mensah O, Fondjo LA, Sallah L, Owiredu E-W, Acheampong E, Akamugri S. Predominant Complications of Type 2 Diabetes in Kumasi: A 4-Year Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study at a Teaching Hospital in Ghana. Medicina. 2019; 55(5):125. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina55050125

Chicago/Turabian Style

Annani-Akollor, Max E., Otchere Addai-Mensah, Linda A. Fondjo, Lorraine Sallah, Eddie-Williams Owiredu, Emmanuel Acheampong, and Solomon Akamugri. 2019. "Predominant Complications of Type 2 Diabetes in Kumasi: A 4-Year Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study at a Teaching Hospital in Ghana" Medicina 55, no. 5: 125. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina55050125

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop