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Article

Trends in Cigarette Smoking among Middle-Aged Lithuanian Subjects Participating in the Primary Prevention Program between 2009 and 2016

1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Vilnius University, 08661 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, 08661 Vilnius, Lithuania
3
Centre of Cardiology and Angiology, Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, Santariškių Str. 2, 08661 Vilnius, Lithuania
4
Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos, 08611 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 February 2019 / Revised: 3 May 2019 / Accepted: 8 May 2019 / Published: 12 May 2019
Background and Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate trends in smoking among middle-aged men and women based on the data from the Lithuanian High Cardiovascular Risk (LitHiR) primary prevention program between 2009 and 2016. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study comprised 92373 Lithuanian adults (41.6% men and 58.4% women). We compared the prevalence of smoking, smoking cessation activity and smoking intensity by gender and age groups. Results: There was a statistically significant upward trend in the number of smoking subjects (average annual percent change (AAPC) 2.99%, p < 0.001). The number of smoking male subjects remained much higher than the number of smoking female subjects during the 2009–2016 period. The study showed a significant increase in the percentage of smoking quitters in the whole group (AAPC 7.22%, p < 0.001) and among men and women separately. There was no significant change in smoking intensity in groups of male and female smokers separately. Conclusions: The analysis showed that the prevalence of smoking in Lithuania is still increasing due to women smoking despite all the governmental tobacco control efforts to reduce it. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking prevalence; smoking cessation; primary prevention; risk factors; trends smoking prevalence; smoking cessation; primary prevention; risk factors; trends
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rinkūnienė, E.; Petrulionienė, Ž.; Dženkevičiūtė, V.; Gimžauskaitė, S.; Mainelis, A.; Puronaitė, R.; Jucevičienė, A.; Gargalskaitė, U.; Laucevičius, A. Trends in Cigarette Smoking among Middle-Aged Lithuanian Subjects Participating in the Primary Prevention Program between 2009 and 2016. Medicina 2019, 55, 130. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina55050130

AMA Style

Rinkūnienė E, Petrulionienė Ž, Dženkevičiūtė V, Gimžauskaitė S, Mainelis A, Puronaitė R, Jucevičienė A, Gargalskaitė U, Laucevičius A. Trends in Cigarette Smoking among Middle-Aged Lithuanian Subjects Participating in the Primary Prevention Program between 2009 and 2016. Medicina. 2019; 55(5):130. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina55050130

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rinkūnienė, Egidija; Petrulionienė, Žaneta; Dženkevičiūtė, Vilma; Gimžauskaitė, Silvija; Mainelis, Antanas; Puronaitė, Roma; Jucevičienė, Agnė; Gargalskaitė, Urtė; Laucevičius, Aleksandras. 2019. "Trends in Cigarette Smoking among Middle-Aged Lithuanian Subjects Participating in the Primary Prevention Program between 2009 and 2016" Medicina 55, no. 5: 130. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina55050130

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