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Article

Assessment of Stress, Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Patients with COPD during In-Hospital Pulmonary Rehabilitation: An Observational Cohort Study

1
Descartes’ Error Student Research Association, Department of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, 45-758 Opole, Poland
2
Faculty of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
3
Department of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, 45-758 Opole, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Brian Oliver and Sabina Antonela Antoniu
Received: 9 January 2021 / Revised: 18 February 2021 / Accepted: 20 February 2021 / Published: 25 February 2021
Background and Objectives: The relationship between physical health and mental health has been considered for years. A number of studies have shown a correlation between depressive states and the progress of somatic diseases. It seems that the proper cooperation of specialists may result in the improvement of the patient’s well-being and a positive effect on the course of the rehabilitation process. The aim of this study was to assess the symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as well as the assessment of the relationship of psychological symptoms with sociodemographic factors and physical condition. Materials and Methods: The study enrolled 51 COPD patients who underwent a three-week pulmonary rehabilitation program. After admission to the rehabilitation department, the subjects were asked to complete the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire, the Perception of Stress Questionnaire (PSQ), and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Results: Anxiety states were diagnosed in 70% of respondents and depressive states were diagnosed in 54% of patients. Some of the respondents (14%) also showed a tendency to experience various grounded stresses. Additionally, there were correlations between the mental state and the results of fitness and respiratory tests. Conclusions: Patients with COPD are at risk for mental disorders, which may adversely affect their general health and significantly limit their physical and respiratory efficiencies. The development of widely available therapeutic solutions to reduce symptoms associated with depression, anxiety, and stress seems to be an important challenge for the management of patients with COPD. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulmonary rehabilitation; respiratory disease; behavioral symptoms; emotions pulmonary rehabilitation; respiratory disease; behavioral symptoms; emotions
MDPI and ACS Style

Wrzeciono, A.; Czech, O.; Buchta, K.; Zabłotni, S.; Gos, E.; Tłuczykont, Ł.; Górecka, D.; Pastuła, A.; Adamczyk, M.; Jach, E.; Świerkowski, I.; Szary, P.; Szczegielniak, J. Assessment of Stress, Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Patients with COPD during In-Hospital Pulmonary Rehabilitation: An Observational Cohort Study. Medicina 2021, 57, 197. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57030197

AMA Style

Wrzeciono A, Czech O, Buchta K, Zabłotni S, Gos E, Tłuczykont Ł, Górecka D, Pastuła A, Adamczyk M, Jach E, Świerkowski I, Szary P, Szczegielniak J. Assessment of Stress, Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Patients with COPD during In-Hospital Pulmonary Rehabilitation: An Observational Cohort Study. Medicina. 2021; 57(3):197. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57030197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wrzeciono, Adam, Oliver Czech, Katarzyna Buchta, Sabina Zabłotni, Edyta Gos, Łukasz Tłuczykont, Dagmara Górecka, Agnieszka Pastuła, Mateusz Adamczyk, Ewa Jach, Igor Świerkowski, Patryk Szary, and Jan Szczegielniak. 2021. "Assessment of Stress, Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Patients with COPD during In-Hospital Pulmonary Rehabilitation: An Observational Cohort Study" Medicina 57, no. 3: 197. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57030197

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