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SARS-CoV-2 Infection Susceptibility of Pregnant Patients at Term Regarding ABO and Rh Blood Groups: A Cohort Study

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Department of Radiology, Elena Doamna Obstetrics and Gynecology University Hospital, 700398 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cuza Voda Obstetrics and Gynecology University Hospital, 700038 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Elena Doamna Obstetrics and Gynecology University Hospital, 700398 Iasi, Romania
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Department of Statistics, Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Simone Ferrero
Received: 10 April 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 11 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
Background and Objectives: The susceptibility of pregnant patients at term to SARS-CoV-2 infection regarding the ABO and Rh blood group polymorphism was analyzed in this study. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study, 457 patients admitted for delivery at term in our hospital, between 1 April 2020 and 31 December 2020 were studied. There were 46 positive and 411 SARS-CoV-2 negative patients. Their values for RT-PCR, ABO, and Rh blood group analyses, which were determined upon admittance, were studied. Results: A slightly higher percentage of infected pregnant patients at term belonged to the A blood group compared with the percentage belonging to the other blood groups; this was also true for the healthy control group. For the Rh-negative pregnant patients at term, the odds of being infected with SARS-CoV-2 was OR = 1.22 compared with Rh-positive patients where OR = 1. In our study, the highest risk was found among BIII Rh-negative pregnant patients at term (OR = 3). None of the above differences were statistically significant. Conclusions: No significant difference was found between the percentage of ABO or Rh blood groups in SARS-CoV-2 positive patients when compared with SARS-CoV-2 negative patients (p = 0.562). View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; pregnant patients; ABO blood group; Rh blood group; infection risk SARS-CoV-2; pregnant patients; ABO blood group; Rh blood group; infection risk
MDPI and ACS Style

Covali, R.; Socolov, D.; Pavaleanu, I.; Carauleanu, A.; Boiculese, V.L.; Socolov, R. SARS-CoV-2 Infection Susceptibility of Pregnant Patients at Term Regarding ABO and Rh Blood Groups: A Cohort Study. Medicina 2021, 57, 499. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57050499

AMA Style

Covali R, Socolov D, Pavaleanu I, Carauleanu A, Boiculese VL, Socolov R. SARS-CoV-2 Infection Susceptibility of Pregnant Patients at Term Regarding ABO and Rh Blood Groups: A Cohort Study. Medicina. 2021; 57(5):499. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57050499

Chicago/Turabian Style

Covali, Roxana, Demetra Socolov, Ioana Pavaleanu, Alexandru Carauleanu, Vasile L. Boiculese, and Razvan Socolov. 2021. "SARS-CoV-2 Infection Susceptibility of Pregnant Patients at Term Regarding ABO and Rh Blood Groups: A Cohort Study" Medicina 57, no. 5: 499. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/medicina57050499

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