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Article

Effect of a 12-Week Online Walking Intervention on Health and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Trial

1
School of Psychology Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
2
Sansom Institute for Health Research, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2081; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102081
Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 20 September 2018 / Published: 21 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Physical Activity and Public Health)
Cancer survivors are at an increased risk of experiencing physical and psychological ill-effects following cancer treatment. Rural cancer survivors are at a greater risk of future health problems following a cancer diagnosis compared to their urban counterparts. Physical activity has been targeted as a health promotion priority in cancer survivors. Research indicates that a large portion of cancer survivors do not meet physical activity recommendations. The purpose of this quasi-randomized controlled trial was to test the effectiveness of an online 12-week walking intervention designed for cancer survivors, and to explore its impact on physical health indicators and quality of life outcomes. Steps Toward Improving Diet and Exercise among cancer survivors (STRIDE) is an online resource designed according to Social Cognitive Theory and Self Determination Theory, based on individualized step goal setting. Measures of physiology, physical fitness, and quality of life were taken at the baseline, post-intervention, and three-month follow-up in an Intervention group (n = 46) and active Control group (n = 45). The Control group was provided with a pedometer but did not have access to the online program. Three-factor repeated measures ANOVAs indicated that there were improvements in physical fitness (p < 0.01), systolic blood pressure (p < 0.01), diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.01), waist girth (p < 0.01), mental health (p < 0.05), social functioning (p < 0.01), and general health (p < 0.01), but an increase in bodily pain (p < 0.01), from the baseline to week 12 and the three-month follow-up, irrespective of group allocation. Pedometer interventions, delivered with or without online support and step goal setting, show promise for improving the overall health of cancer survivors, at least in the short term. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; survivor; walking; physical activity; pedometer; intervention cancer; survivor; walking; physical activity; pedometer; intervention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Frensham, L.J.; Parfitt, G.; Dollman, J. Effect of a 12-Week Online Walking Intervention on Health and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2081. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102081

AMA Style

Frensham LJ, Parfitt G, Dollman J. Effect of a 12-Week Online Walking Intervention on Health and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(10):2081. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102081

Chicago/Turabian Style

Frensham, Lauren J., Gaynor Parfitt, and James Dollman. 2018. "Effect of a 12-Week Online Walking Intervention on Health and Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Quasi-Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 10: 2081. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102081

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