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Article

Microplastics in Sediment and Surface Water of West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake: Abundance, Source and Composition

1
School of Hydraulic Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
2
Key Laboratory of Dongting Lake Aquatic Eco-Environmental Control and Restoration of Hunan Province, Changsha 410114, China
3
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Hunan University and Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Changsha 410082, China
4
School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2164; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102164
Received: 19 August 2018 / Revised: 20 September 2018 / Accepted: 29 September 2018 / Published: 1 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Environmental Risk Assessment)
Microplastic pollution was investigated in sediment and surface water in West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake for the first time. The abundance of microplastics ranged from 616.67 to 2216.67 items/m3 and 716.67 to 2316.67 items/m3 in the lakeshore surface water of West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake, respectively. The highest levels of microplastic pollution were found in the lakes’ outlets. In the lake center sites of the West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake, the abundance of microplastics ranged from 433.33 to 1500 items/m3 and 366.67 to 1566.67 items/m3, respectively. Meanwhile, the study found that in lakeshore sediment of West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake, microplastic concentrations ranged from 320 to 480 items/m3 and 200–1150 items/m3. Polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) were most common in the surface water and sediment samples, respectively. In addition, we suggest that the effects of polymer types in microplastics should be taken into account when considering abundance. This study can provide valuable points of reference to better understanding microplastic pollution in inland freshwater areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: microplastic; Dongting Lake; surface water; sediment microplastic; Dongting Lake; surface water; sediment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, C.; Yin, L.; Wen, X.; Du, C.; Wu, L.; Long, Y.; Liu, Y.; Ma, Y.; Yin, Q.; Zhou, Z.; Pan, H. Microplastics in Sediment and Surface Water of West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake: Abundance, Source and Composition. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2164. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102164

AMA Style

Jiang C, Yin L, Wen X, Du C, Wu L, Long Y, Liu Y, Ma Y, Yin Q, Zhou Z, Pan H. Microplastics in Sediment and Surface Water of West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake: Abundance, Source and Composition. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(10):2164. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jiang, Changbo, Lingshi Yin, Xiaofeng Wen, Chunyan Du, Lixue Wu, Yuannan Long, Yizhuang Liu, Yuan Ma, Qide Yin, Zhenyu Zhou, and Hemin Pan. 2018. "Microplastics in Sediment and Surface Water of West Dongting Lake and South Dongting Lake: Abundance, Source and Composition" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 10: 2164. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102164

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