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Article

Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Immigrants in Portugal: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study

1
Global Health and Tropical Medicine, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, IHMT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, UNL, Rua da Junqueira 100, 1349-008 Lisboa, Portugal
2
Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa & Global Health and Tropical Medicine, GHTM, Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 1600-560 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2299; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102299
Received: 27 August 2018 / Revised: 12 October 2018 / Accepted: 17 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee, Migrant and Ethnic Minority Health)
This study aims to compare adequate fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake between immigrants and natives in Portugal, and to analyse factors associated with consumption of F&V among immigrants. Data from a population based cross-sectional study (2014) was used. The final sample comprised 17,410 participants (≥20 years old), of whom 7.4% were immigrants. Chi-squared tests and logistic regression models were conducted to investigate the association between adequate F&V intake, sociodemographic, anthropometric, and lifestyle characteristics. Adequate F&V intake was more prevalent among immigrants (21.1% (95% CI: 19.0–23.4)) than natives (18.5% (95% CI: 17.9–19.1)), (p = 0.000). Association between migrant status and adequate F&V intake was only evident for men: immigrants were less likely to achieve an adequate F&V intake (OR = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.66–0.68) when compared to Portuguese. Among immigrants, being female, older, with a higher education, and living in a low urbanisation area increased the odds of having F&V consumption closer to the recommendations. Adjusting for other factors, length of residence appears as a risk factor (15 or more years vs. 0–9 years: OR = 0.52, 95% CI = 0.50–0.53), (p = 0.000) for adequate F&V intake. Policies aiming to promote adequate F&V consumption should consider both populations groups, and gender-based strategies should address proper sociodemographic, anthropometric, and lifestyle determinants. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruit; vegetable; immigrant; Portuguese; health fruit; vegetable; immigrant; Portuguese; health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Costa, L.; Dias, S.; Martins, M.D.R.O. Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Immigrants in Portugal: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2299. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102299

AMA Style

Costa L, Dias S, Martins MDRO. Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Immigrants in Portugal: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(10):2299. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102299

Chicago/Turabian Style

Costa, Liliane, Sónia Dias, and Maria D.R.O. Martins 2018. "Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among Immigrants in Portugal: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 10: 2299. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15102299

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