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Article

The Relationship between Family Violence and Self-Control in Adolescence: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis

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Department of Biological Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, van der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Universiteit Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 1, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Department of Early Childhood Education, The Education University of Hong Kong, 10, Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
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Center for Child and Family Science, The Education University of Hong Kong, 10, Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
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Neuroscience Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2468; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112468
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 20 October 2018 / Accepted: 22 October 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Family Violence)
Theoretical studies propose an association between family violence and low self-control in adolescence; however, empirical findings of this association are inconclusive. The aim of the present research was to systematically summarize available findings on the relation between family violence and self-control across adolescence. We included 28 studies with 143 effect sizes, representing more than 25,000 participants of eight countries from early to late adolescence. Applying a three-level meta-analysis, taking dependency between effect sizes into account while retaining statistical power, we examined the magnitude and direction of the overall effect size. Additionally, we investigated whether theoretical moderators (e.g., age, gender, country), and methodological moderators (e.g., time lag between family violence and self-control, informant) influenced the magnitude of the association between family violence and self-control. Our results revealed that family violence and self-control have a small to moderate significant negative association (r = −0.191). This association did not vary across gender, country, and informants. The strength of the association, however, decreased with age and in longitudinal studies. This finding provides evidence that researchers and clinicians may expect low self-control in the wake of family violence, especially in early adolescence. Recommendations for future research in the area are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: family violence; self-control; meta-analysis; adolescence family violence; self-control; meta-analysis; adolescence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Willems, Y.E.; Li, J.-B.; Hendriks, A.M.; Bartels, M.; Finkenauer, C. The Relationship between Family Violence and Self-Control in Adolescence: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2468. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112468

AMA Style

Willems YE, Li J-B, Hendriks AM, Bartels M, Finkenauer C. The Relationship between Family Violence and Self-Control in Adolescence: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2468. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112468

Chicago/Turabian Style

Willems, Yayouk E., Jian-Bin Li, Anne M. Hendriks, Meike Bartels, and Catrin Finkenauer. 2018. "The Relationship between Family Violence and Self-Control in Adolescence: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2468. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112468

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