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Article

Investigating Motor Competence in Association with Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity in 7- to 11-Year-Old Children

1
School of Sport Studies, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, 5644 HZ Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2
Department of Industrial Design, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
3
Department of Health Promotion, Nutrition and Translational Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), Maastricht University, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands
4
The Hague University of Applied Sciences, Research group Healthy Lifestyle in a Supporting Environment, 2521 EN The Hague, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2470; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112470
Received: 11 October 2018 / Revised: 1 November 2018 / Accepted: 2 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Physical Activity and Public Health)
Children’s motor competence (MC) has declined in the past decades, while sedentary behavior (SB) has increased. This study examined the association between MC and physical activity (PA) levels among primary schoolchildren. Demographics, body height and weight, MC (Athletic Skills Track), and PA levels (ActiGraph, GT3X+) were assessed among 595 children (291 boys, mean age = 9.1 years, SD = 1.1). MC was standardized into five categories: from very low to very high. PA levels were classified into SB, light PA (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). Mixed-model analyses were conducted with PA levels as dependent variables and MC as the independent variable, while adjusting for age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) z-score on the individual level. A negative association between MC and SB and a positive association between MC and MVPA were found. The strength of both associations increased as children expressed lower or higher levels of MC. MC is an important correlate of both SB and MVPA, particularly for children with very high or low MC. Developing and improving children’s MC may contribute to spending less time in SB and more time in MVPA, particularly for high-risk groups, i.e., children with low MC. Moreover, addressing MC development and PA promotion simultaneously might create positive feedback loops for both children’s MC and PA levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor competence; sedentary behavior; moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; primary schoolchildren; accelerometer motor competence; sedentary behavior; moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; primary schoolchildren; accelerometer
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MDPI and ACS Style

M. Adank, A.; H. H. Van Kann, D.; A. A. Hoeboer, J.J.; I. de Vries, S.; P. J. Kremers, S.; B. Vos, S. Investigating Motor Competence in Association with Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity in 7- to 11-Year-Old Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2470. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112470

AMA Style

M. Adank A, H. H. Van Kann D, A. A. Hoeboer JJ, I. de Vries S, P. J. Kremers S, B. Vos S. Investigating Motor Competence in Association with Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity in 7- to 11-Year-Old Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2470. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112470

Chicago/Turabian Style

M. Adank, Anoek, Dave H. H. Van Kann, Joris J. A. A. Hoeboer, Sanne I. de Vries, Stef P. J. Kremers, and Steven B. Vos. 2018. "Investigating Motor Competence in Association with Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity in 7- to 11-Year-Old Children" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2470. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15112470

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