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Article

Does Physically Demanding Work Hinder a Physically Active Lifestyle in Low Socioeconomic Workers? A Compositional Data Analysis Based on Accelerometer Data

1
National Research Centre for the Working Environment, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
2
Department of Public Health, Section of Social Medicine, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
3
Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Edinburgh EH9 3FD, UK
4
Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney 2006, Australia
5
Department of Forensic Science, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
6
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1306; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15071306
Received: 18 May 2018 / Revised: 15 June 2018 / Accepted: 19 June 2018 / Published: 21 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact of 24-Hour Movement Behaviour and Time Use)
Leisure time physical activity (LTPA) is strongly associated with socioeconomic position (SEP). Few studies have investigated if demanding occupational physical activity (OPA) could impede a physically active lifestyle in low SEP groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between OPA and LTPA among low SEP men and women. We used cross-sectional data from 895 low SEP workers who wore accelerometers for 1–5 consecutive workdays. The associations between the relative importance of activities performed during work and leisure time were assessed using compositional regression models stratified on sex. Compositional isotemporal substitution models were used to assess the implication of increasing occupational walking, standing, or sitting on LTPA. We found dissimilarity in LTPA between the sexes, with men spending more waking leisure time sedentary than women (men ~67%, women ~61%), suggesting women performed more household tasks. In men, the associations between OPA and LTPA were weak. In women, the strongest association was observed between the relative importance of occupational walking and leisure time standing (β^ = −0.16; p = 0.01), where reallocating 15 min work time to occupational walking showed an expected decrease in leisure time standing of 7 min. If this time was spent on additional sedentary leisure time, it could have adverse health consequences. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; leisure time; blue-collar; low status occupation; work-life balance; time-use epidemiology physical activity; leisure time; blue-collar; low status occupation; work-life balance; time-use epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rasmussen, C.L.; Palarea-Albaladejo, J.; Bauman, A.; Gupta, N.; Nabe-Nielsen, K.; Birk Jørgensen, M.; Holtermann, A. Does Physically Demanding Work Hinder a Physically Active Lifestyle in Low Socioeconomic Workers? A Compositional Data Analysis Based on Accelerometer Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1306. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15071306

AMA Style

Rasmussen CL, Palarea-Albaladejo J, Bauman A, Gupta N, Nabe-Nielsen K, Birk Jørgensen M, Holtermann A. Does Physically Demanding Work Hinder a Physically Active Lifestyle in Low Socioeconomic Workers? A Compositional Data Analysis Based on Accelerometer Data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(7):1306. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15071306

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rasmussen, Charlotte L., Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, Adrian Bauman, Nidhi Gupta, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Marie Birk Jørgensen, and Andreas Holtermann. 2018. "Does Physically Demanding Work Hinder a Physically Active Lifestyle in Low Socioeconomic Workers? A Compositional Data Analysis Based on Accelerometer Data" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 7: 1306. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15071306

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