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Article

Exploring the Importance of Health Literacy for the Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Failure

1
Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11 000 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Hospital Center Bezanijska kosa, University of Belgrade, 11 000 Belgrade, Serbia
3
Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Medical Statistics and Informatics, University of Belgrade, 11 000 Belgrade, Serbia
4
Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Social, Medicine University of Belgrade, 11 000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1761; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15081761
Received: 17 July 2018 / Revised: 6 August 2018 / Accepted: 14 August 2018 / Published: 16 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
As with all other chronic noncommunicable diseases, adequate health literacy plays a key role in making the right decisions in the treatment of heart failure. Patients with heart failure and a lower health literacy have a reduced quality of life. A cross-sectional study among 200 patients with heart failure was conducted at a state university hospital in Belgrade, Serbia. The European Health Literacy Questionnaire, HLS-EU-Q47, was used to assess health literacy. Quality of life was measured with the generic SF-36 and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire. Descriptive and analytical statistical analysis was applied. More than half of the respondents (64%) had limited health literacy. The lowest mean health literacy index (28.01 ± 9.34) was within the disease prevention dimension, where the largest number of respondents showed limited health literacy (70%). Our patients had a poorer quality of life in the physical dimension, and the best scores were identified in the emotional role and social functioning. Health literacy was highly statistically significant and an independent predictor of quality of life (physical, mental, and total quality of life). Improving health literacy can lead to better decisions in the treatment of disease and quality of life in heart failure patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy; quality of life; public health, heart failure; Minnesota health literacy; quality of life; public health, heart failure; Minnesota
MDPI and ACS Style

Jovanić, M.; Zdravković, M.; Stanisavljević, D.; Jović Vraneš, A. Exploring the Importance of Health Literacy for the Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Failure. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1761. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15081761

AMA Style

Jovanić M, Zdravković M, Stanisavljević D, Jović Vraneš A. Exploring the Importance of Health Literacy for the Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Failure. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(8):1761. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15081761

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jovanić, Marija, Marija Zdravković, Dejana Stanisavljević, and Aleksandra Jović Vraneš. 2018. "Exploring the Importance of Health Literacy for the Quality of Life in Patients with Heart Failure" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 8: 1761. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15081761

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