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A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China

1
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, 44, Wenhuaxi Street, Jinan 250012, China
2
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, 44, Wenhuaxi Street, Jinan 250012, China
3
Department of Sport and Health, the College of Physical Education, Shandong University, 17923, Jingshi Street, Jinan 250061, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 2041; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092041
Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 9 September 2018 / Accepted: 14 September 2018 / Published: 18 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Physical Activity and Public Health)
Depression has become a major global public health problem. Many studies have shown the positive effects of physical exercise on depression. However, few studies have examined the relationship between frequency of leisure time physical exercise and depression without considering the time and intensity of exercise among middle-aged and elderly people of urban communities in northern China. We conducted a cross-sectional survey that included 1604 participants among urban residents aged 50 years or older in China to evaluate how the frequency of physical exercise was related to depression. Our study showed that the prevalence of depression in the urban community of Jinan is 16.52%. For physical exercise, the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for 1~2 times per week, 3~4 times per week and ≥5 times per week were 1.137 (0.661, 1.953), 0.516 (0.304, 0.875) and 0.548 (0.392, 0.768) respectively, with adjustment for age, gender, marital status, BMI, hypertension, previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes, triglyceride, total cholesterol, soy food intake, milk food intake, vegetable and fruit intake and meat intake. We concluded that physically exercising three times a week is associated with a low prevalence of depression. View Full-Text
Keywords: China; physical exercise; depression; cross-sectional study China; physical exercise; depression; cross-sectional study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, S.; Ma, W.; Wang, S.-M.; Yi, X. A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2041. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092041

AMA Style

Wang S, Ma W, Wang S-M, Yi X. A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):2041. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Shukang; Ma, Wei; Wang, Shu-Mei; Yi, Xiangren. 2018. "A Cross Sectional Examination of the Relation Between Depression and Frequency of Leisure Time Physical Exercise among the Elderly in Jinan, China" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 9: 2041. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092041

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