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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Shadow Puppets and Neglected Diseases: Evaluating a Health Promotion Performance in Rural Indonesia

1
Department of Global Health, Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
2
Graduate Research School, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3083, Australia
3
Music Department, Theatre and Performing Arts, Otago University, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
4
Queensland Conservatorium Research Centre, Griffith University, South Brisbane, QLD 4101, Australia
5
Yayasan Wahana Bakti Sejatera Foundation (YWBS), Semarang 50183, Indonesia
6
School of Medicine, Griffith Health, Griffith University, South Brisbane, QLD 4101, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work and should be regarded as equal senior authors.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 2050; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092050
Received: 10 August 2018 / Revised: 5 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 19 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Related Disease)
‘Rama and the Worm’ is a shadow puppet production targeting neglected diseases in Central Java. It is an entertainment-based intervention study to promote health by reducing the impact of parasitic diseases such as soil-transmitted helminths (STH). The study uses traditional Javanese shadow puppetry (wayang kulit) as a vehicle in village communities to disseminate health messages and promote behaviour change to prevent diseases caused, primarily, by inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. The health education messages contained in the play, although using traditional characters and themes, required the creation of a completely new narrative script, using characters and plot lines familiar to the wayang kulit repertoire, but placing them in new situations that relate specifically to health promotion objectives. The intervention was piloted in a village in Central Java, Indonesia using a pre/post design with both qualitative and quantitative analysis. A total of 96 male and female villagers, aged between 7 and 87 years, provided both baseline and follow up data. Participant knowledge and behaviours related to gastrointestinal and helminth-related disease were assessed before and after the intervention through a questionnaire administered by interview. Results revealed statistically significant improvements in both knowledge (48.6% pre-intervention score vs. 62.8% post-intervention score, p < 0.001) and behaviour (77.4% vs. 80.6%, p = 0.004) related to gastrointestinal and helminth disease. Findings of the study indicate the wayang kulit performance is an effective health education tool. The results provide proof of concept with scaling up the next step forward. The wayang kulit production provides a significant additional component for an integrated, comprehensive approach to reduction and elimination of STH infection. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil-transmitted helminths; health promotion; shadow puppetry; knowledge and behaviours; Indonesia soil-transmitted helminths; health promotion; shadow puppetry; knowledge and behaviours; Indonesia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurscheid, J.; Bendrups, D.; Susilo, J.; Williams, C.; Amaral, S.; Laksono, B.; Stewart, D.E.; Gray, D.J. Shadow Puppets and Neglected Diseases: Evaluating a Health Promotion Performance in Rural Indonesia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2050. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092050

AMA Style

Kurscheid J, Bendrups D, Susilo J, Williams C, Amaral S, Laksono B, Stewart DE, Gray DJ. Shadow Puppets and Neglected Diseases: Evaluating a Health Promotion Performance in Rural Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):2050. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kurscheid, Johanna; Bendrups, Dan; Susilo, Joko; Williams, Courtney; Amaral, Salvador; Laksono, Budi; Stewart, Donald E.; Gray, Darren J. 2018. "Shadow Puppets and Neglected Diseases: Evaluating a Health Promotion Performance in Rural Indonesia" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15, no. 9: 2050. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph15092050

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