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Article

Retrospective Analysis of Injuries and Hospitalizations of Patients Following the 2009 Earthquake of L’Aquila City

1
Postgraduate Schools of Hygiene and Public Health—Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, P.le S. Tommasi, 1, 67100 Coppito, L’Aquila, Italy
2
Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, P.le S. Tommasi, 1, 67100 Coppito, L’Aquila, Italy
3
Regional Health Agency of Abruzzo Region (Italy)—Via Attilio Monti, 9, 65127 Pescara PE, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1675; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16101675
Received: 20 March 2019 / Revised: 4 May 2019 / Accepted: 9 May 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disaster Medicine: Preparedness and Response)
The aim of this study was to investigate the injury patterns and the hospitalizations of patients who were admitted to hospital following the 2009 earthquake in the city of L’Aquila, Central Italy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze the patterns of earthquake-related injuries in Italy. We reviewed the hospital discharge data of 171 patients admitted to hospital within the following 96 h from the mainshock. This is an observational and descriptive study: We controlled for variables such as patient demographics, primary and secondary ICD-9-CM (International Classification of Diseases) diagnosis codes in order to identify the multiple injured patients, main type of injury that resulted in the hospital admission, discharge disposition, and average length of stay (LOS). Seventy-three percent of the 171 patients were admitted to hospital on the first day. Multiple injuries accounted for 52% of all trauma admissions, with a female to male ratio of 63% versus 37%. The most common type of injuries involved bone fractures (46.8%), while lower extremities were the most frequently affected sites (38.75%). The average LOS was 12.11 days. This study allows the evaluation of the impact of earthquake-related injuries in relation both to the health needs of the victims and to the use of the health care resources and assistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: injury; earthquake; natural disaster; trauma; fractures; hospital discharge records; ICD-9-CM; disaster medicine; Italy; L’Aquila injury; earthquake; natural disaster; trauma; fractures; hospital discharge records; ICD-9-CM; disaster medicine; Italy; L’Aquila
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MDPI and ACS Style

Del Papa, J.; Vittorini, P.; D’Aloisio, F.; Muselli, M.; Giuliani, A.R.; Mascitelli, A.; Fabiani, L. Retrospective Analysis of Injuries and Hospitalizations of Patients Following the 2009 Earthquake of L’Aquila City. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1675. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16101675

AMA Style

Del Papa J, Vittorini P, D’Aloisio F, Muselli M, Giuliani AR, Mascitelli A, Fabiani L. Retrospective Analysis of Injuries and Hospitalizations of Patients Following the 2009 Earthquake of L’Aquila City. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(10):1675. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16101675

Chicago/Turabian Style

Del Papa, Jacopo, Pierpaolo Vittorini, Francesco D’Aloisio, Mario Muselli, Anna R. Giuliani, Alfonso Mascitelli, and Leila Fabiani. 2019. "Retrospective Analysis of Injuries and Hospitalizations of Patients Following the 2009 Earthquake of L’Aquila City" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 10: 1675. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16101675

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