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Article

Intrinsic Motivation and Psychological Connectedness to Drug Abuse and Rehabilitation: The Perspective of Self-Determination

1
School of Social Science, Caritas Institute of Higher Education, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Social and Behavioural Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 1934; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16111934
Received: 3 April 2019 / Revised: 29 May 2019 / Accepted: 30 May 2019 / Published: 31 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Substance Abuse, Environment and Public Health)
This study adopts the perspective of the Self-Determination Theory to look at the psychological experience of drug users and their decisions to take drugs or not, with particular emphasis on the concept of relatedness. To achieve this objective, a qualitative methodology was employed to explore the experiences of these drug users regarding how they take drugs and/or relapse. Theory-driven thematic analysis was employed to identify themes related to this topic. Results show that one’s psychological need for relatedness is an important determinant of whether one will take drugs or not, via the interaction mechanisms that exist in dimensions of affiliation and intimacy. While drug taking is a result of the modeling behavior existing in affiliated relationships, it is also a coping strategy for the ultimate satisfaction of psychological needs when human relatedness disappears. The implication is that significant others can develop unconditionally warm, caring, and empathetic supportive relationships with drug users, so as to enhance their fulfillment of psychological needs and reduce the risk of drug relapse. View Full-Text
Keywords: drug addiction; drug relapse; psychological need; relatedness; self-determination Theory drug addiction; drug relapse; psychological need; relatedness; self-determination Theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chan, G.H.Y.; Lo, T.W.; Tam, C.H.L.; Lee, G.K.W. Intrinsic Motivation and Psychological Connectedness to Drug Abuse and Rehabilitation: The Perspective of Self-Determination. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1934. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16111934

AMA Style

Chan GHY, Lo TW, Tam CHL, Lee GKW. Intrinsic Motivation and Psychological Connectedness to Drug Abuse and Rehabilitation: The Perspective of Self-Determination. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(11):1934. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16111934

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chan, Gloria H.Y., T. W. Lo, Cherry H.L. Tam, and Gabriel K.W. Lee 2019. "Intrinsic Motivation and Psychological Connectedness to Drug Abuse and Rehabilitation: The Perspective of Self-Determination" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 11: 1934. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16111934

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