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Article

Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, and Validation of the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) into the Malay Language

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Department of Community Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kota Bharu 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia
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Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia Management Unit, Kubang Kerian, Kota Bharu 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia
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Unit of Biostatistics and Research Methodology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kota Bharu 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 2054; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112054
Received: 9 May 2019 / Revised: 31 May 2019 / Accepted: 5 June 2019 / Published: 10 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Background: Patient feedback is an important tool in assessing health system quality. The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) was developed in 2006 as a standardized instrument to assess patient perceptions in the United States of America. This study aimed to translate and validate the HCAHPS questionnaire into the Malay language in order to assess patient perceptions of health services in Malaysia. Methods: The original HCAPHS in English was translated into Malay based on the established guideline. The content validation involved an expert panel of 10 members, including patients. The face validation pilot testing of the HCAHPS-Malay version was conducted among 10 discharged patients. The exploratory factor analysis (EFA) used principal axis factor, and varimax rotation was established based on a cross-sectional study conducted among 200 discharged patients from Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (Hospital USM). Results: The overall content validity index was 0.87, and the universal face validity index was 0.82. From the EFA, the factor loading value ranged from 0.652 to 0.961 within nine domains. The internal consistency reliability with Cronbach’s alpha was 0.844. Conclusion: The HCAHPS-Malay is a reliable and valid tool to determine patients’ perception of healthcare services among inpatients in Hospital USM based on the content and face validation result together with a good construct validity and excellent absolute reliability. Further testing on HCAHPS-Malay version in other settings in Malaysia needs to be done for cross-validation. View Full-Text
Keywords: HCAHPS; patient perception; translation; validation; Hospital USM HCAHPS; patient perception; translation; validation; Hospital USM
MDPI and ACS Style

Zun, A.B.; Ibrahim, M.I.; Mokhtar, A.M.; Halim, A.S.; Wan Mansor, W.N.A. Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, and Validation of the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) into the Malay Language. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2054. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112054

AMA Style

Zun AB, Ibrahim MI, Mokhtar AM, Halim AS, Wan Mansor WNA. Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, and Validation of the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) into the Malay Language. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(11):2054. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112054

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zun, Ahmad B., Mohd I. Ibrahim, Ariffin M. Mokhtar, Ahmad S. Halim, and Wan N.A. Wan Mansor 2019. "Translation, Cross-Cultural Adaptation, and Validation of the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) into the Malay Language" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 11: 2054. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16112054

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