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Article

Hospitalization Rates for Respiratory Diseases After L’Aquila Earthquake

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Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Piazzale Salvatore Tommasi, 1-67100 L’Aquila (AQ), Italy
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Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, University of L’Aquila, Piazzale Salvatore Tommasi, 1-67100 L’Aquila (AQ), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2109; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122109
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 9 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Disasters and Their Consequences for Public Health)
The study aims to investigate the impact of the earthquake on public health, in terms of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in the Abruzzo region, focusing on the area damaged by the earthquake “Crater”. We collected data of hospitalizations of residents in Abruzzo between 2009 and 2015. Hospital Discharge Records (HDRs) with a primary diagnosis of respiratory disease were included and divided into pneumonia, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), and respiratory insufficiency. Absolute frequencies and standardized hospitalization rates were calculated to perform both a short-term and a medium-long term analysis. A linear regression was performed using standardized hospitalization rates and the time. A total of 108.669 respiratory-related records were collected and the most frequent subgroup was respiratory insufficiency. Standardized Hospitalization Rates (SHRs) for respiratory diseases resulted higher in the non-Crater than Crater area, but the short-term analysis showed a significant increase in hospitalizations for pneumonia and respiratory insufficiency in the Crater area. The medium-long term analysis reported a significant difference on the slope decrease of hospitalizations for acute and chronic respiratory diseases in the Crater versus the non-Crater area. The earthquake may have played a triggering role in the increased detection of respiratory diseases. A temporal relationship between the quake and an increase in admissions was found although it is not yet possible to detect a direct cause-effect relationship. View Full-Text
Keywords: earthquakes; respiratory diseases; hospital records earthquakes; respiratory diseases; hospital records
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MDPI and ACS Style

D’Aloisio, F.; Vittorini, P.; Giuliani, A.R.; Scatigna, M.; Del Papa, J.; Muselli, M.; Baccari, G.; Fabiani, L. Hospitalization Rates for Respiratory Diseases After L’Aquila Earthquake. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122109

AMA Style

D’Aloisio F, Vittorini P, Giuliani AR, Scatigna M, Del Papa J, Muselli M, Baccari G, Fabiani L. Hospitalization Rates for Respiratory Diseases After L’Aquila Earthquake. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(12):2109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122109

Chicago/Turabian Style

D’Aloisio, Francesco, Pierpaolo Vittorini, Anna R. Giuliani, Maria Scatigna, Jacopo Del Papa, Mario Muselli, Giorgio Baccari, and Leila Fabiani. 2019. "Hospitalization Rates for Respiratory Diseases After L’Aquila Earthquake" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 12: 2109. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122109

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