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Adolescent-to-Parent Violence and Family Environment: The Perceptions of Same Reality?

College of Psychology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 20018 San Sebastián, Spain
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2215; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122215
Received: 6 May 2019 / Revised: 6 June 2019 / Accepted: 19 June 2019 / Published: 23 June 2019
The use of several sources of information (parents and children) is scarce in family studies. Child-to-parent violence (CPV) is still considered the most hidden and stigmatized form of family violence. One objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of child-to-parent violence and perceptions of family environment as a function of the informant (parent or child), child’s sex, and parents’ sex in a community population. The study also aimed to analyze the predictive power of family conflict and aggressive family discipline in child-to-parent violence depending on the informant. A sample of 586 adolescents (49% boys, aged between 12 and 18) and their parents (40%) participated in the study. The Family Environment Scale and the Conflict Tactics Scales were administered. Results showed good consistency between adolescent reports and parent reports for physical CPV, but adolescents perceived worse family environments than their parents. Multiple regression models revealed that aggressive family discipline and family are important risk factors for CPV. Early intervention to prevent CPV is recommended, focused on promoting family relationships and avoiding harsh discipline practices. It is important that parents are able to ask for help when they need it. View Full-Text
Keywords: child-to-parent violence; family environment; adolescents; parents; agreement between reports; corporal punishment; family discipline child-to-parent violence; family environment; adolescents; parents; agreement between reports; corporal punishment; family discipline
MDPI and ACS Style

Ibabe, I. Adolescent-to-Parent Violence and Family Environment: The Perceptions of Same Reality? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2215. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122215

AMA Style

Ibabe I. Adolescent-to-Parent Violence and Family Environment: The Perceptions of Same Reality? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(12):2215. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122215

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ibabe, Izaskun. 2019. "Adolescent-to-Parent Violence and Family Environment: The Perceptions of Same Reality?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 12: 2215. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16122215

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