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Article

American Masters Road Running Records—The Performance Gap Between Female and Male Age Group Runners from 5 Km to 6 Days Running

1
Graduate Program in Physical Education, Catholic University of Brasília, 71966-700 Brasília, DF, Brazil
2
Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA
3
Physical Education Department, University Center-UDF, 71966-700 Brasilia, DF, Brazil
4
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
5
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, 18450 Nikaia, Greece
6
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, 9001 St. Gallen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to this manuscript.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(13), 2310; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132310
Received: 7 June 2019 / Revised: 21 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 29 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
Recent studies investigating elite and master athletes in pool- and long-distance open-water swimming showed for elite swimmers that the fastest women were able to outperform the fastest men, and for master athletes that elderly women were able to achieve a similar performance to elderly men. The present study investigating age group records in runners from 5 km to 6 days aimed to test this hypothesis for master runners. Data from the American Master Road Running Records were analyzed, for 5 km, 8 km, 10 km, 10 miles, 20 km, half-marathon, 25 km, 30 km, marathon, 50 km, 50 miles, 100 km, 100 miles, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h and 144 h, for athletes in age groups ranging from 40 to 99 years old. The performance gap between men and women showed higher effects in events lengthening from 5 km to 10 miles (d = 0.617) and lower effects in events lengthening from 12 to 144 h (d = 0.304) running. Both other groups showed similar effects, being 20 km to the marathon (d = 0.607) and 50 km to 100 miles (d = 0.563). The performance gap between men and women showed higher effects in the age groups 85 years and above (d = 0.953) followed by 55 to 69 years (d = 0.633), and lower effects for the age groups 40 to 54 years (d = 0.558) and 70 to 84 years (d = 0.508). In summary, men are faster than women in American road running events, however, the sex gap decreases with increasing age but not with increasing event length. View Full-Text
Keywords: athlete; running; ultra-endurance; endurance; marathon athlete; running; ultra-endurance; endurance; marathon
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sousa, C.V.; da Silva Aguiar, S.; Rosemann, T.; Nikolaidis, P.T.; Knechtle, B. American Masters Road Running Records—The Performance Gap Between Female and Male Age Group Runners from 5 Km to 6 Days Running. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2310. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132310

AMA Style

Sousa CV, da Silva Aguiar S, Rosemann T, Nikolaidis PT, Knechtle B. American Masters Road Running Records—The Performance Gap Between Female and Male Age Group Runners from 5 Km to 6 Days Running. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(13):2310. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132310

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sousa, Caio V., Samuel da Silva Aguiar, Thomas Rosemann, Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, and Beat Knechtle. 2019. "American Masters Road Running Records—The Performance Gap Between Female and Male Age Group Runners from 5 Km to 6 Days Running" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 13: 2310. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132310

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