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Article

Women Reduce the Performance Difference to Men with Increasing Age in Ultra-Marathon Running

1
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
2
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, 18450 Nikaia, Greece
3
School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, 12243 Athens, Greece
4
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, 9001 St. Gallen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(13), 2377; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132377
Received: 8 June 2019 / Revised: 29 June 2019 / Accepted: 2 July 2019 / Published: 4 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
Age and sex are well-known factors influencing ultra-marathon race performance. The fact that women in older age groups are able to achieve a similar performance as men has been documented in swimming. In ultra-marathon running, knowledge is still limited. The aim of this study was to analyze sex-specific performance in ultra-marathon running according to age and distance. All ultra-marathon races documented in the online database of the German Society for Ultra-Marathon from 1964 to 2017 for 50-mile races (i.e., 231,980 records from 91,665 finishers) and from 1953 to 2017 for 100-mile races (i.e., 107,445 records from 39,870 finishers) were analyzed. In 50-mile races, race times were 11.74 ± 1.95 h for men and 12.31 ± 1.69 h for women. In 100-mile races, race times were 26.6 ± 3.49 h for men and 27.47 ± 3.6 h for women. The sex differences decreased with older age and were smaller in 100-mile (4.41%) than in 50-mile races (9.13%). The overall age of peak performance was 33 years for both distances. In summary, women reduced the performance difference to men with advancing age, the relative difference being smaller in 100-mile compared to 50-mile races. These findings might aid coaches and ultra-marathon runners set long-term training goals considering their sex and age. View Full-Text
Keywords: age of peak performance; athlete; sex difference; ultra-endurance age of peak performance; athlete; sex difference; ultra-endurance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Waldvogel, K.J.; Nikolaidis, P.T.; Di Gangi, S.; Rosemann, T.; Knechtle, B. Women Reduce the Performance Difference to Men with Increasing Age in Ultra-Marathon Running. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2377. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132377

AMA Style

Waldvogel KJ, Nikolaidis PT, Di Gangi S, Rosemann T, Knechtle B. Women Reduce the Performance Difference to Men with Increasing Age in Ultra-Marathon Running. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(13):2377. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132377

Chicago/Turabian Style

Waldvogel, Karin J., Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Stefania Di Gangi, Thomas Rosemann, and Beat Knechtle. 2019. "Women Reduce the Performance Difference to Men with Increasing Age in Ultra-Marathon Running" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 13: 2377. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16132377

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