Next Article in Journal
Addictive Features of Social Media/Messenger Platforms and Freemium Games against the Background of Psychological and Economic Theories
Next Article in Special Issue
Using a Mobile Phone App to Identify and Assess Remaining Stocks of In Situ Asbestos in Australian Residential Settings
Previous Article in Journal
An Inexact Optimization Model for Crop Area Under Multiple Uncertainties
Previous Article in Special Issue
Lung Cancer Mortality Trends in a Brazilian City with a Long History of Asbestos Consumption
Comment published on 4 March 2020, see Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1662.
Article

Environmental and Occupational Exposure to Asbestos as a Result of Consumption and Use in Poland

Department of Geoinformatics, Cartography and Remote Sensing, Chair of Geomatics and Information Systems, Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, University of Warsaw, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2611; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142611
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 17 July 2019 / Published: 22 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Asbestos Exposure and Disease: An Update)
Asbestos is harmful to human health; exposure to asbestos causes a wide range of asbestos-related diseases. Aim: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is unique to occupational and environmental asbestos exposure. Methods: Environmental asbestos exposure was examined in relation to asbestos use and manufacturing, the quantity of the asbestos-containing products still in use, the concentrations of asbestos fibres in the air and the number of MM cases diagnosed each year per county. Results: The correlation coefficient of the measurements of the asbestos fibre concentrations in the air and the quantity of asbestos-cement products in use is high and amounts to 0.68. Meanwhile, the correlation coefficient of the measurements of asbestos fibre concentrations in air and MM morbidity rate resulting from environmental exposure calculated for particular counties in provinces is low and amounts to 0.37. The highest MM morbidity rate was observed for Małopolskie and Śląskie, a typical industrial area of Poland. Conclusions: There are MM cases which are still attributable to occupational asbestos exposure, although MM cases resulting from environmental exposure to asbestos have an increased MM risk. Poland is among those countries with a low MM incidence rate, which seems to be an underestimation of environmental asbestos exposure. As long as asbestos-cement products are used in the environment, actions should be undertaken to protect public health. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos; asbestos-related diseases in counties; environmental exposure; occupational exposure; spatial distribution asbestos; asbestos-related diseases in counties; environmental exposure; occupational exposure; spatial distribution
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Krówczyńska, M.; Wilk, E. Environmental and Occupational Exposure to Asbestos as a Result of Consumption and Use in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2611. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142611

AMA Style

Krówczyńska M, Wilk E. Environmental and Occupational Exposure to Asbestos as a Result of Consumption and Use in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2611. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142611

Chicago/Turabian Style

Krówczyńska, Małgorzata, and Ewa Wilk. 2019. "Environmental and Occupational Exposure to Asbestos as a Result of Consumption and Use in Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 14: 2611. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16142611

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop