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Article

Workplace-Based Exercise Intervention Improves Work Ability in Office Workers: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

1
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
2
RECOVER Injury Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2633; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152633
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 21 July 2019 / Accepted: 22 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019
Neck pain is a burden to employers and employees amenable to improvement with neck/shoulder strengthening exercises. However, the benefits of such interventions on office workers’ work ability remains unknown. This study evaluated the effects of a 12-week combined ergonomics and neck/shoulder strengthening exercise intervention (EET, n = 177, mean age 41.7 years, 26% female), versus a 12-week combined ergonomics and health promotion intervention (EHP, n = 173, mean age 43 years, 29% female) on work ability among office workers. Work ability was measured by a single question. Differences in the work ability score were analyzed using the intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (i.e., adherence ≥70%) analyses for between- and within-group differences at baseline, 12 weeks, and 12 months. A sub-group analysis was performed for neck cases, defined as reporting neck pain as ≥3 (out of 10). No significant between-group differences for work ability were observed in the general population, and subgroup of neck cases. A significant group-by-time interaction effect at 12 weeks and the trend for significance at 12 months favored the EET group in the per-protocol analysis of the neck cases. EET was effective in increasing work ability post-intervention and potentially, in the long-term, in symptomatic participants with ≥70% adherence to the intervention. However, EET was not superior to EHP. View Full-Text
Keywords: work ability; neck/shoulder strengthening exercises; office workers; neck pain work ability; neck/shoulder strengthening exercises; office workers; neck pain
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ting, J.Z.R.; Chen, X.; Johnston, V. Workplace-Based Exercise Intervention Improves Work Ability in Office Workers: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2633. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152633

AMA Style

Ting JZR, Chen X, Johnston V. Workplace-Based Exercise Intervention Improves Work Ability in Office Workers: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(15):2633. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152633

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ting, Joshua Z.R., Xiaoqi Chen, and Venerina Johnston. 2019. "Workplace-Based Exercise Intervention Improves Work Ability in Office Workers: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 15: 2633. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152633

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