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Article

Partial Smoking Ban and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Japan

1
Graduate School of Economics, Waseda University, 1-6-1 Nishi-Waseda, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8050, Japan
2
Faculty of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University, 1-6-1 Nishi-Waseda, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8050, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2804; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152804
Received: 2 July 2019 / Revised: 3 August 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
Implementing smoking bans is a worldwide common practice for tobacco control. However, if the policy prohibits smoking partially rather than comprehensively, it may increase nonsmokers’ exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) in nonprohibited places. This paper investigates how a partial smoking ban affected nonsmokers’ SHS exposure (measured by frequency of having exposure to SHS in days per month) in households, workplaces, and restaurants by examining the case of a partial smoking ban introduced in a large Japanese prefecture in 2013. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHNS) in 2010, 2013, and 2016 (n = 30,244) and the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions (CSLC) from 2001 to 2016 (n = 2,366,896), this paper employs a difference-in-differences (DID) approach. We found that the partial smoking ban significantly increased their SHS exposure in households and workplaces by 2.64 days and 4.70 days per month, respectively, while it did not change nonsmokers’ SHS exposure in restaurants. The results imply that the smoking ban displaced smokers from public places to private places. We also found that neither smokers’ smoking status nor smoking intensity changed significantly after implementing the partial smoking ban. Comprehensive smoking bans are needed to better protect nonsmokers from SHS exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: partial smoking ban; secondhand smoke exposure; difference-in-differences; Japan partial smoking ban; secondhand smoke exposure; difference-in-differences; Japan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, S.; Noguchi, H.; Shimokawa, S. Partial Smoking Ban and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2804. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152804

AMA Style

Zeng S, Noguchi H, Shimokawa S. Partial Smoking Ban and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(15):2804. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152804

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeng, Sen, Haruko Noguchi, and Satoru Shimokawa. 2019. "Partial Smoking Ban and Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 15: 2804. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152804

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