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Article

Effectiveness of Reverse vs. Traditional Linear Training Periodization in Triathlon

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa de Odon, Spain
2
Grupo de Investigación en Cultura, Educación y Sociedad, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla 080002, Colombia
3
Tritoledo Triathlon Club, 43560 Toledo, Spain
4
Department of Physical Activity and Sport Science, Sport Science Faculty, Catholic University of Murcia, 30107 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2807; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152807
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 1 August 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
The present research aimed to analyze the modification in performance, body composition, and autonomic modulation of reverse and traditional linear training periodization in amateur triathletes. We analyzed running and swimming performance, strength manifestation, body composition, and autonomic modulation before and after a traditional linear training periodization (four weeks of volume-based training plus four weeks of intensity-based training plus two-week tapering), a reverse linear training periodization (four weeks of intensity-based training plus four weeks of volume-based training plus two-week tapering), and a free training control physical active group (10-week free training) in 32 amateur athletes. Independently of the periodization model, the combination of two four-week mesocycles followed by a two-week taper is an efficiency strategy to avoid overreaching, obtaining an increase in parasympathetic modulation. Moreover, both types of training periodization proposed in this study do not modified body composition of amateur triathletes. Also, compared with traditional periodization, reverse periodization efficiently improves horizontal jump performance. Finally, reverse and traditional periodization were an effective strategy to improve running biomechanical, performance, and physiological variables, as well as efficient periodization strategies to improve swimming technical ability, aerobic, and anaerobic swimming performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: swimming; running; strength; heart rate variability; body composition swimming; running; strength; heart rate variability; body composition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Clemente-Suárez, V.J.; Ramos-Campo, D.J. Effectiveness of Reverse vs. Traditional Linear Training Periodization in Triathlon. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2807. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152807

AMA Style

Clemente-Suárez VJ, Ramos-Campo DJ. Effectiveness of Reverse vs. Traditional Linear Training Periodization in Triathlon. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(15):2807. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152807

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clemente-Suárez, Vicente J., and Domingo J. Ramos-Campo 2019. "Effectiveness of Reverse vs. Traditional Linear Training Periodization in Triathlon" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 15: 2807. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16152807

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