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Article

Factors Associated with Access of Marital Migrants and Migrant Workers to Healthcare in Taiwan: A Questionnaire Survey with Quantitative Analysis

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Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Yuanshan & Su-Ao Branch, No. 386, Rongguang Rd., Yuanshan Township, Yilan County 264, Taiwan
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Department of Family Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shi-Pai Rd., Beitou Dist., Taipei 112, Taiwan
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School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Beitou Dist., Taipei 112, Taiwan
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Department of Medical Affairs, Ministry of Health and Welfare, No. 488, Sec. 6, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Nangang Dist., Taipei 115, Taiwan
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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, No. 100, Ziyou 1st Rd., Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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School of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100, Shiquan 1st Rd., Sanmin Dist., Kaohsiung City 807, Taiwan
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Department of Medical Affairs and Planning, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shi-Pai Rd., Beitou Dist., Taipei 112, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2830; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162830
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 6 August 2019 / Accepted: 7 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Health and Wellbeing of Migrant Populations)
In Taiwan, migrants come mostly for marriage and work. Several researchers have conducted health-related studies of marital migrants and migrant workers, but the access of the two groups to healthcare has not been studied. Therefore, our study investigated the factors associated with migrants’ access to healthcare, with the main foci being marital migrants and migrant workers in Taiwan. A structured and cross-sectional questionnaire was anonymously self-administered by migrants recruited to participate in this survey on a voluntary basis from 11 medical centers and 11 migrant-helping associations in Taiwan between May 1st and September 21st, 2018. A total of 753 questionnaires were analyzed. The majority of marital migrants (n = 243) and migrant workers (n = 449) surveyed were enrolled in Taiwan’s National Health Insurance system (92.7 vs. 93.5%, p = 0.68). More of the migrant workers (n = 205) than the marital migrants (n = 42) encountered language barriers while seeking medical services (48.0 vs. 17.1%, p < 0.001). A professional interpreter at the point of care was considered important by more of the migrant workers (n = 316) than the marital migrants (n = 89) (70.2 vs. 39.6%, p < 0.001). Although more than 90% of the surveyed migrants were enrolled in the health insurance system in Taiwan, many, especially among the migrant workers, still faced language barriers while seeking medical services. View Full-Text
Keywords: access; interpreter; migrant and health; marital migrant; migrant workers access; interpreter; migrant and health; marital migrant; migrant workers
MDPI and ACS Style

Chu, F.-Y.; Chang, H.-T.; Shih, C.-L.; Jeng, C.-J.; Chen, T.-J.; Lee, W.-C. Factors Associated with Access of Marital Migrants and Migrant Workers to Healthcare in Taiwan: A Questionnaire Survey with Quantitative Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2830. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162830

AMA Style

Chu F-Y, Chang H-T, Shih C-L, Jeng C-J, Chen T-J, Lee W-C. Factors Associated with Access of Marital Migrants and Migrant Workers to Healthcare in Taiwan: A Questionnaire Survey with Quantitative Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(16):2830. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162830

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chu, Feng-Yuan, Hsiao-Ting Chang, Chung-Liang Shih, Cherng-Jye Jeng, Tzeng-Ji Chen, and Wui-Chiang Lee. 2019. "Factors Associated with Access of Marital Migrants and Migrant Workers to Healthcare in Taiwan: A Questionnaire Survey with Quantitative Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 16: 2830. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162830

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