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Article

The Effect of Static and Dynamic Stretching Exercises on Sprint Ability of Recreational Male Volleyball Players

1
Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 62100 Serres, Greece
2
Laboratory of Evaluation of Human Biological Performance, Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Department of Physical Education & Sport Science, Democritus University of Thrace, 69100 Komotini, Greece
4
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland
5
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, 18450 Nikaia, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2835; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162835
Received: 29 June 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 4 August 2019 / Published: 8 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
The aim of the present trial was to investigate the effect of two stretching programs, a dynamic and a static one, on the sprint ability of recreational volleyball players. The sample consisted of 27 male recreational volleyball players (age 21.6 ± 2.1 years, mean ± standard deviation, body mass 80.3 ± 8.9 kg, height 1.82 ± 0.06 m, body mass index 24.3 ± 2.5 kg.m−2, volleyball experience 7.7 ± 2.9 years). Participants were randomly divided into three groups: (a) the first performing dynamic stretching exercises three times per week, (b) the second following a static stretching protocol on the same frequency, and (c) the third being the control group, abstaining from any stretching protocol. The duration of the stretching exercise intervention period was 6 weeks, with all groups performing baseline and final field sprinting tests at 4.5 and 9 m. The post-test sprint times were faster in both the 4.5 (p = 0.027, η2 = 0.188) and 9 m tests (p < 0.001, η2 = 0.605) compared to the pre-test values. A large time × group interaction was shown in both the 4.5 (p = 0.007, η2 = 0.341) and 9 m tests (p = 0.004, η2 = 0.363) with the static and dynamic stretching groups being faster in the post-test than in the pre-test, whereas no change was found in the control group. The percentage change in the 4.5 m sprint time correlated with volleyball experience (r = −0.38, p = 0.050), i.e., the longer the volleyball experience, the larger the improvement in the 4.5 m sprint. Thus, it is concluded that both stretching techniques have a positive effect on the velocity of recreational male volleyball players, when performed at a frequency of three times per week for 6 weeks under the same conditions as defined in the study protocol. View Full-Text
Keywords: dynamic stretching; static stretching; velocity; volleyball; warm-up dynamic stretching; static stretching; velocity; volleyball; warm-up
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alipasali, F.; Papadopoulou, S.D.; Gissis, I.; Komsis, G.; Komsis, S.; Kyranoudis, A.; Knechtle, B.; Nikolaidis, P.T. The Effect of Static and Dynamic Stretching Exercises on Sprint Ability of Recreational Male Volleyball Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2835. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162835

AMA Style

Alipasali F, Papadopoulou SD, Gissis I, Komsis G, Komsis S, Kyranoudis A, Knechtle B, Nikolaidis PT. The Effect of Static and Dynamic Stretching Exercises on Sprint Ability of Recreational Male Volleyball Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(16):2835. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162835

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alipasali, Foteini, Sophia D. Papadopoulou, Ioannis Gissis, Georgios Komsis, Stergios Komsis, Angelos Kyranoudis, Beat Knechtle, and Pantelis T. Nikolaidis 2019. "The Effect of Static and Dynamic Stretching Exercises on Sprint Ability of Recreational Male Volleyball Players" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 16: 2835. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16162835

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