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Article

Liability Determination of School Sports Injury Accidents: An Analysis Framework Based on Evolutionary Game

by 1,2 and 2,*
1
School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
College of Physical Education, Yichun University, Yichun 336000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3403; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183403
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 8 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 13 September 2019
In recent years, the outbreak of many school sports injury accidents aroused widespread public concern about liability determination of accident. Previous studies have examined the legal application of the liability principles from a law perspective, but few kinds of research attempted to analyze the progress of liability determination from the perspective of “law economics”. To fill this research gap, we introduce the evolutionary game model, as an important theoretical tool of “law economics”, to investigate how various factors influence the strategy selection of the parties, as well as examine what liability principle can effectively treat school sports injury accidents. The results indicate that the strategic selection of the subject of liability is significantly related to the accident compensation cost and the prevention cost of both parties. Moreover, we also find that both strict and proportional liability rules can play key roles in dealing with the issue of liability determination of school sports injury accidents, but the two liability rules have different effects on the strategic selection of parties. More specifically, compared to the strict liability principle, the proportional liability principle can motivate both the school and the students to adopt the active strategy of “appropriate caution” to prevent occurring sports injury accidents in schools. View Full-Text
Keywords: injury accidents; liability determination; evolutionary game model; strict liability rule; proportional liability rule injury accidents; liability determination; evolutionary game model; strict liability rule; proportional liability rule
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lan, Q.; Li, X. Liability Determination of School Sports Injury Accidents: An Analysis Framework Based on Evolutionary Game. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3403. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183403

AMA Style

Lan Q, Li X. Liability Determination of School Sports Injury Accidents: An Analysis Framework Based on Evolutionary Game. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3403. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183403

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lan, Qing, and Xiaojun Li. 2019. "Liability Determination of School Sports Injury Accidents: An Analysis Framework Based on Evolutionary Game" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3403. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183403

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