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Article

Air Pollution in a Nationally Representative Sample: Findings from the National Adult Tobacco Survey of Lao PDR

1
California Department of Public Health, 1615 Capitol Ave, Sacramento, CA 95814, USA
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Loma Linda University School of Nursing, 11262 Campus Street, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
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Center for Health Research, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, 11234 Anderson St, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
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Center for Information and Education on Health, Simuang Road, Vientiane Capital, Laos
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Transdisciplinary Tobacco Research Program, Loma Linda University Cancer Center, 11234 Anderson St, Loma Linda, CA 92354, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3500; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183500
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 7 September 2019 / Accepted: 16 September 2019 / Published: 19 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
In Southeast Asia, household air pollution (HAP) from solid fuel use is the leading cause of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a risk which is compounded by exposure to other sources of indoor and outdoor air pollution including secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS). The purpose of this study was to measure the individual and combined prevalence of exposure to household and community sources of air pollution in a national sample of adults in Lao PDR. We analyzed data from the 2012 National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATSL) of Lao PDR—a multi-stage stratified cluster sample of 9706 subjects from 2822 households located in all 17 provinces. Our findings indicate a high prevalence of exposure to household air pollution from cooking fires (78%) and SHS exposure in the home (74.5%). More than a third (32.8%) reported exposure to both inside the home. Exposure to outdoor sources of smoke from cooking, trash, and crop fires was substantial (30.1% to 56.0%). The aggregation of exposures from multiple sources of household air pollution raises the need for initiatives that establish programmatic linkages in the health, environmental, and agricultural sectors to provide a comprehensive strategy to reduce risk factors for respiratory disease in Lao PDR and the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: Environmental tobacco smoke; air pollution; respiratory Environmental tobacco smoke; air pollution; respiratory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hurd-Kundeti, G.; Petersen, A.B.; Somsamouth, K.; Singh, P.N. Air Pollution in a Nationally Representative Sample: Findings from the National Adult Tobacco Survey of Lao PDR. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3500. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183500

AMA Style

Hurd-Kundeti G, Petersen AB, Somsamouth K, Singh PN. Air Pollution in a Nationally Representative Sample: Findings from the National Adult Tobacco Survey of Lao PDR. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3500. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183500

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hurd-Kundeti, Glorietta, Anne B. Petersen, Khamphithoun Somsamouth, and Pramil N. Singh 2019. "Air Pollution in a Nationally Representative Sample: Findings from the National Adult Tobacco Survey of Lao PDR" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3500. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183500

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