Next Article in Journal
A Novel Air Quality Early-Warning System Based on Artificial Intelligence
Previous Article in Journal
Factors Influencing Microbiological Biodiversity of Human Foot Skin
Article

Combined Effects of Aircraft, Rail, and Road Traffic Noise on Total Noise Annoyance—A Cross-Sectional Study in Innsbruck

by 1,2,*, 3 and 1,4
1
Department of Public Health, Health Services Research and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT—University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, 6060 Hall in Tirol, Austria
2
Office of the Tyrolean Regional Government, Department for Emission, Safety and Sites, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
3
Independent Researcher, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
4
Institute and Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, LMU Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3504; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183504
Received: 13 August 2019 / Revised: 30 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 September 2019 / Published: 19 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
Noise legislation in Austria does not provide an assessment of the cumulative effect of noise from different sources. The desire of citizens for a total noise assessment is getting stronger. Within the pilot project “Gesamtlärmbetrachtung” (Total Noise Investigation) Innsbruck, data from 1031 face-to-face interviews were correlated with exposure data from road, rail and air traffic noise. The interviews were selected in clusters according to the exposure combinations of these three sources. In addition to exposure-response relationships, it has also been found that the annoyance response to air and rail traffic noise is independent of the background noise from road traffic. The total noise annoyance response shows a cumulative effect in each source considered. From the source specific exposure-response relationships, a total noise assessment model based on the annoyance equivalents model was developed. This model is more suitable than the dominant source model and thus also considerable for legal application. View Full-Text
Keywords: combined noise effects; noise annoyance; traffic noise; exposure-response relationship; Total Noise Investigation Innsbruck combined noise effects; noise annoyance; traffic noise; exposure-response relationship; Total Noise Investigation Innsbruck
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lechner, C.; Schnaiter, D.; Bose-O’Reilly, S. Combined Effects of Aircraft, Rail, and Road Traffic Noise on Total Noise Annoyance—A Cross-Sectional Study in Innsbruck. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3504. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183504

AMA Style

Lechner C, Schnaiter D, Bose-O’Reilly S. Combined Effects of Aircraft, Rail, and Road Traffic Noise on Total Noise Annoyance—A Cross-Sectional Study in Innsbruck. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3504. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183504

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lechner, Christoph, David Schnaiter, and Stephan Bose-O’Reilly. 2019. "Combined Effects of Aircraft, Rail, and Road Traffic Noise on Total Noise Annoyance—A Cross-Sectional Study in Innsbruck" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3504. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph16183504

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop